Emerging evidence indicates that certain microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in epileptogenesis. MiR-219 is a brain-specific miRNA and has been shown to negatively regulate the function of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors by targeting Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII)γ. Herein, we found that the level of miR-219 was decreased in both the kainic acid (KA)-induced epilepsy model and in cerebrospinal fluid specimens of epilepsy patients. Importantly, silencing of miR-219 by its antagomir in vivo resulted in seizure behaviors, abnormal cortical electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings in the form of high-amplitude and high-frequency discharges, and increased levels of CaMKIIγ and an NMDA receptor component, NR1, in a pattern similar to that found in KA-treated mice. Moreover, treatments with the miR-219 agomir in vivo alleviated seizures, abnormal EEG recordings, and decreased levels of CaMKIIγ and NR1 in KA-treated mice. Furthermore, treatment with MK-801, an antagonist of NMDA receptors, significantly alleviated abnormal EEG recordings induced by miR-219 antagomir. Together, these results demonstrate that miR-219 plays a crucial role in suppressing seizure formation in experimental models of epilepsy through modulating the CaMKII/NMDA receptor pathway and that miR-219 supplement may be a potential anabolic strategy for ameliorating epilepsy.
- Kainic acid
- NMDA receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience