miR-199a-3p targets CD44 and reduces proliferation of CD44 positive hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines

Jon C. Henry, Jong Kook Park, Jinmai Jiang, Ji Hye Kim, David M. Nagorney, Lewis R. Roberts, Soma Banerjee, Thomas D. Schmittgen

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Abstract

Previous work by us and others reported decreased expression of miR-199a-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues compared to adjacent benign tissue. We report here a significant reduction of miR-199a-3p expression in 7 HCC cell lines. To determine if miR-199a-3p has a tumor suppressive role, pre-miR-199a-3p oligonucleotides were transfected into the HCC cell lines. Pre-miR-199a-3p oligonucleotide reduced cell proliferation by approximately 60% compared to control oligonucleotide in only two cell lines (SNU449 and SNU423); the proliferation of the other 5 treated cell lines was similar to control oligonucleotide. A pre-miR-199a-3p oligonucleotide formulated with chemical modifications to enhance stability while preserving processing, reduced cell proliferation in SNU449 and SNU423 to the same extent as the commercially available pre-miR-199a-3p oligonucleotide. Furthermore, only the duplex miR-199a-3p oligonucleotide, and not the guide strand alone, was effective at reducing cell viability. Since a CD44 variant was essential for c-Met signaling [V. Orian-Rousseau, L. Chen, J.P. Sleeman, P. Herrlich, H. Ponta, CD44 is required for two consecutive steps in HGF/c-Met signaling, Genes Dev. 16 (2002) 3074-3086] and c-Met is a known miR-199a-3p target, we hypothesized that miR-199a-3p may also target CD44. Immunoblotting confirmed that only the two HCC lines that were sensitive to the effects of pre-miR-199a-3p were CD44+. Direct targeting of CD44 by miR-199a-3p was confirmed using luciferase reporter assays and immunoblotting. Transfection of miR-199a-3p into SNU449 cells reduced in vitro invasion and sensitized the cells to doxorubicin; both effects were enhanced when hyaluronic acid (HA) was added to the cell cultures. An inverse correlation between the expression of miR-199a-3p and CD44 protein was noted in primary HCC specimens. The ability of miR-199a-3p to selectively kill CD44+ HCC may be a useful targeted therapy for CD44+ HCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-125
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume403
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2010

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Keywords

  • Cancer
  • HCC
  • Liver
  • MiR-199a*
  • MicroRNA mimetic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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