MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are potent regulators of multiple biological processes. Previous studies have demonstrated that miR-146a-5p increases in normal mice during aging, while long-living Ames dwarf (df/df) mice maintain youthful levels of this miRNA. The aim of this study was to elucidate the involvement of miR-146a-5p in modulating cellular senescence and apoptosis in visceral adipose tissue of df/df mice and cultured pre-adipocytes. To test the effects of miR-146a-5p overexpression on visceral adipose tissue, wild-type, and df/df mice, were treated with miRNA-negative control-base and df/df were transfected with 4 or 8 µg/g of a miR-146a-5p mimetic, respectively. Effects of miR-146a-5p overexpression were also evaluated in 3T3-L1 cells cultured under high and normal glucose conditions. Treatment with miR-146a-5p mimetic increased cellular senescence and inflammation and decreased pro-apoptotic factors in visceral adipose tissue of df/df mice. The miR-146a-5p mimetic induced similar effects in 3T3-L1 cells cultivated at normal but not high glucose levels. Importantly, 3T3-L1 HG cells in high glucose conditions showed significantly higher expression of miR-146a-5p than 3T3-L1 grown in normal glucose conditions. These results indicate that miR-146a-5p can be a marker for cellular senescence. This miRNA represents one of the significant SASP factors that if not precisely regulated, can accentuate inflammatory responses and stimulate senescence in surrounding non-senescent cells. The role of miR-146a-5p is different in healthy versus stressed cells, suggesting potential effects of this miRNA depend on overall organismal health, aging, and metabolic state.
- Cellular senescence
- Visceral adipose tissue
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- veterinary (miscalleneous)
- Complementary and alternative medicine
- Geriatrics and Gerontology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine