Minimally invasive ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for patients with obesity: a propensity score-matched analysis

Mohamed A. Abd El Aziz, Giacomo Calini, Fabian Grass, Kevin T. Behm, Anne Lise D’ Angelo, Sherief Shawki, Kellie L. Mathis, David W. Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a risk factor for failure of pouch surgery completion. However, little is known about the impact of obesity on short-term outcomes after minimally invasive (MIS) ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). This study aimed to assess short-term postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing MIS total proctocolectomy (TPC) with IPAA in patients with and without obesity. Materials and methods: All adult patients (≥ 18 years old) who underwent MIS IPAA as reported in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) Participant User Files 2007 to 2018 were included. Patients were divided according to their body mass index (BMI) into two groups (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 vs. BMI < 30 kg/m2). Baseline demographics, preoperative risk factors including comorbidities, American Society of Anesthesiologists Class, smoking, different preoperative laboratory parameters, and operation time were compared between the two groups. Propensity score matching (1:1) based on logistic regression with a caliber distance of 0.2 of the standard deviation of the logit of the propensity score was used to overcome biases due to different distributions of the covariates. Thirty-day postoperative complications including overall surgical and medical complications, surgical site infection (SSI), organ space infection, systemic sepsis, 30-day mortality, and length of stay were compared between both groups. Results: Initially, a total of 2158 patients (402 (18.6%) obese and 1756 (81.4%) nonobese patients) were identified. After 1:1 matching, 402 patients remained in each group. Patients with obesity had a higher risk of postoperative organ/space infection (12.9%; vs. 6.5%; p-value 0.002) compared to nonobese patients. There was no difference between the groups regarding the risk of postoperative sepsis, septic shock, need for blood transfusion, wound disruption, superficial SSI, deep SSI, respiratory, renal, major adverse cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, stroke, cardiac arrest requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation), venous thromboembolism, 30-day mortality, and length of stay. Conclusion: MIS IPAA can be safely performed in patients with obesity. However, patients with obesity have a 2-fold risk of organ space infection compared to patients without obesity. Loss of weight before MIS IPAA is recommended not only to allow for pouch creation but also to decrease organ space infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalLangenbeck's Archives of Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Surgical site infection
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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