Minimal model estimation of glucose absorption and insulin sensitivity from oral test: Validation with a tracer method

Chiara Dalla Man, Andrea Caumo, Rita Basu, Robert Rizza, Gianna Toffolo, Claudio Cobelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

120 Scopus citations

Abstract

Measuring insulin sensitivity during the physiological milieu of oral glucose perturbation, e.g., a meal or an oral glucose tolerance test, would be extremely valuable but difficult since the rate of appearance of absorbed glucose is unknown. The reference method is a tracer two-step one: first, the rate of appearance of glucose (Ra mealref) is reconstructed by employing the tracer-to-tracee ratio clamp technique with two tracers and a model of non-steady-state glucose kinetics; next, this R a mealref K used as the known input of a model describing insulin action on glucose kinetics to estimate insulin sensitivity (S Iref). Recently, a nontracer method based on the oral minimal model (OMM) has been proposed to estimate simultaneously the above quantities, denoted Ra meal and SI, respectively, from plasma glucose and insulin concentrations measured after an oral glucose perturbation. This last method has obvious advantages over the tracer method, but its domain of validity has never been assessed against a reference method. It is thus important to establish whether or not the "nontracer" Ra meal and SI compare well with the "tracer" Ra mealref and SIref. We do this comparison on a database of 88 subjects, and it is very satisfactory: R a meal profiles agree well with the Ra mealref and correlation of SIref with SI is r = 0.86 (P < 0.0001). We conclude that OMM candidates as a reliable tool to measure both the rate of glucose absorption and insulin sensitivity from oral glucose tests without employing tracers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E637-E643
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume287
Issue number4 50-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004

Keywords

  • Glucose kinetics
  • Insulin resistance
  • Meal
  • Rate of appearance of glucose
  • Tracer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Minimal model estimation of glucose absorption and insulin sensitivity from oral test: Validation with a tracer method'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this