Mild Cognitive Impairment in Geriatrics

Eric G. Tangalos, Ronald C. Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mild cognitive impairment remains a clinical diagnosis, aided by history, neurologic examination, screening mental status examination, and secondary testing. It can be difficult to distinguish from normal aging without understanding a patient's prior level of intellectual function and new complaint. Geriatricians encounter patients with mild cognitive impairment in all long-term care settings. Making the diagnosis allows patients and their families to understand limits and develop strategies to maximize function. Etiologies associated with mild cognitive impairment include degenerative and vascular processes, psychiatric causes, and comorbid medical conditions. Treatable medical conditions may also present as mild cognitive impairment and have reversible outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-589
Number of pages27
JournalClinics in Geriatric Medicine
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Biomarkers in Alzheimer disease
  • Cognition
  • Functional impairment
  • MCI
  • Mild cognitive impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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