BackgroundAfrican Americans with hypertension are prone to target-organ damage and adverse cardiovascular events. Biomarkers for early detection of target-organ damage in this ethnic group are needed. Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a circulating vasoactive peptide with vasodilatory and antiproliferative effects that has been reported to be elevated in adults with hypertension.MethodsWe investigated the associations of plasma levels of mid-regional pro-ADM (MR-proADM) with pulse pressure, left ventricular mass (LVM), and albuminuria in 1,034 African-American adults (65 9 years, 72% women) with hypertension. MR-proADM was measured by an immunoluminometric assay, LVM was assessed by 2-dimensional echocardiography, and albuminuria was assessed by urine albumin:creatinine ratio (UACR). Multivariable regression analyses were used to assess whether plasma MR-proADM was independently associated with pulse pressure, LVM indexed by height to the power 2.7 (LVMi), and UACR.ResultsPlasma MR-proADM was significantly correlated (P < 0.001) with pulse pressure, LVMi, and UACR. In separate multivariable linear regression models that adjusted for age and sex, log MR-proADM was associated with greater pulse pressure (P = 0.007), log LVMi (P = 0.001), and log (UACR1) (P< 0.0001). After additional adjustment for body mass index (BMI), total and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, smoking history, diabetes, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), history of myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke, and medication use, log MR-proADM remained significantly associated with greater pulse pressure (P = 0.001), log LVMi (P = 0.029), and log (UACR1) (P = 0.002).ConclusionsIn African-American adults with hypertension, plasma MR-proADM is independently associated with pulse pressure, LVMi, and albuminuria and is a potential biomarker for target organ damage.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine