As the prevalence of adolescent smoking and, notably, regular smoking has increased over the last decade, researchers and practitioners have called for a consideration of treatment programs to promote cessation among adolescents who smoke. The adolescent smoking cessation treatment field is still in its infancy, though. The literature addressing adolescent cessation is rather limited to date, often plagued by methodological problems and characterized by little success. Many basic methodological questions remain for researchers to address before we will be able to answer questions such as which treatment approaches work best for which adolescent smokers. The purpose of this paper is to review briefly what is known about adolescent smoking cessation, to identify some important methodological issues to consider in treatment outcome studies, and to make recommendations to researchers to help provide a common ground for future comparisons of results across studies. We will address the natural history of adolescent smoking cessation, treatment outcomes, validity of self-reports and biochemical validation, and research recommendations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health