Metachronous renal tumours after surgical management of oncocytoma

M. Adam Childs, Rodney H. Breau, Eric C. Umbreit, Christine M. Lohse, John C. Cheville, R. Houston Thompson, Michael L. Blute, Bradley C. Leibovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE To assess the risk of metachronous renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and benign renal tumours after surgical treatment of primary renal oncocytoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients treated for primary renal oncocytoma between 1970 and 2007 were identified. Tumours were reviewed by a urological pathologist and patients were followed for subsequent renal tumours. RESULTS Of 424 patients with a median follow up of 7.1 year, 17 (4.0%) patients were diagnosed with a metachronous renal tumour at a median of 3.0 years (range 0.3-16 years). Of the 17 metachronous tumours, eight were oncocytoma, four were RCC and five were not resected or biopsied. Eleven metachronous tumours occurred after solitary unilateral oncocytoma, five occurred after multifocal unilateral oncocytoma, and one occurred after multifocal bilateral oncocytoma. Estimated 10-year tumour-free and RCC tumour-free survival was 94.8% and 98.7%, respectively. Patients with primary multifocal oncocytoma were at higher risk of metachronous tumour (hazard ratio 4.0; P = 0.007). Initial oncocytoma size (hazard ratio 1.1; P = 0.11) was not highly associated with risk of tumour recurrence. CONCLUSIONS To our knowledge, we report the largest cohort of oncocytoma after surgical management. Metachronous renal neoplasm in a patient with previous oncocytoma is more likely to be benign compared with patients who present with a renal tumour for the first time. Multifocal primary oncocytoma is associated with metachronous renal tumours. Overall, the risk of metachronous RCC in a patient with an oncocytoma is similar to that of the general population, which does not support the use of routine cross-sectioning imaging surveillance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)816-819
Number of pages4
JournalBJU international
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • metachronous renal tumour
  • oncocytoma
  • renal cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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    Childs, M. A., Breau, R. H., Umbreit, E. C., Lohse, C. M., Cheville, J. C., Thompson, R. H., Blute, M. L., & Leibovich, B. C. (2011). Metachronous renal tumours after surgical management of oncocytoma. BJU international, 108(6), 816-819.