Membrane TLR9 positive neutrophil mediated MPLA protects against fatal bacterial sepsis

Zhaogang Yang, Luowei Wang, Hongmei Yu, Ruonan Wang, Yawei Gou, Ming Ming Zhang, Chen Kang, Tongzheng Liu, Yu Lan, Xiaobing Wang, Jiwei Liu, Merideth A. Cooper, Xin Li, Kai Yue, Yongli Yu, Liying Wang, Betty Y.S. Kim, Wen Jiang, Wei Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Sepsis is a major cause of patient mortality and morbidity from bacterial infections. Although neutrophils are known to be important in the development of sepsis, how distinctive neutrophil subtypes regulate inflammatory processes involved in septicemia remains unclear. Preconditioning protects organisms against subsequent higher-dose exposures to the same, or even different, stimuli. Several studies have reported various effects of preconditioning on immune cells. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying neutrophil-mediated protection through preconditioning in sepsis remain unknown. Methods: Flow cytometry was conducted to sort the mice peritoneal lavage cells and the blood samples from patients with sepsis. Western blotting and ELISA were carried out to elucidate the expression of TLR9 signal transduction pathway proteins. Histological analysis was used to assess the effect of InP on intestine and liver structure in tlr9−/− and cav-1−/− mice. Fluorescence microscopy, Co-IP, and FRET were carried out to determine the association of TLR9 with Cav-1. Results: We show that membrane toll-like receptor-9 positive (mTLR9+) neutrophils exert a protective effect against fatal bacterial infections through the process of inflammatory preconditioning (InP). InP, which occurs in the setting of a low-dose bacterial challenge, active ingredient is Monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA), triggers the membrane translocation of TLR9 from the neutrophil cytosol, where it binds to Cav-1. Our findings showed that InP enables TLR9 to facilitate MyD88-mediated TRAF3 and IRF3 signal transduction. Depletion of either TLR9 or Cav-1 largely eliminates the neutrophil-mediated InP effect in sepsis models in vitro and in vivo. Further, examination of clinical samples from patients with sepsis showed that clinical outcomes and likelihood of recovery are closely correlated with mTLR9 and Cav-1 expression in circulating neutrophils. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that the TLR9-Cav-1 axis is a critical signaling pathway involved in the regulation of neutrophil-dependent MPLA mediated InP, and the presence of mTLR9+ neutrophils could be an attractive indicator of clinical outcomes in bacterial sepsis that could be further explored as a potential therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6269-6283
Number of pages15
JournalTheranostics
Volume9
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Sepsis
Neutrophils
Membranes
Bacterial Infections
Signal Transduction
TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 3
Toll-Like Receptor 9
Peritoneal Lavage
monophosphoryl lipid A
Critical Pathways
Fluorescence Microscopy
Cytosol
Intestines
Blood Cells
Flow Cytometry
Western Blotting
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Morbidity
Mortality
Liver

Keywords

  • Caveolin-1
  • MPLA
  • Neutrophils
  • Preconditioning
  • Sepsis
  • TLR9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Yang, Z., Wang, L., Yu, H., Wang, R., Gou, Y., Zhang, M. M., ... Sun, W. (2019). Membrane TLR9 positive neutrophil mediated MPLA protects against fatal bacterial sepsis. Theranostics, 9(21), 6269-6283. https://doi.org/10.7150/thno.37139

Membrane TLR9 positive neutrophil mediated MPLA protects against fatal bacterial sepsis. / Yang, Zhaogang; Wang, Luowei; Yu, Hongmei; Wang, Ruonan; Gou, Yawei; Zhang, Ming Ming; Kang, Chen; Liu, Tongzheng; Lan, Yu; Wang, Xiaobing; Liu, Jiwei; Cooper, Merideth A.; Li, Xin; Yue, Kai; Yu, Yongli; Wang, Liying; Kim, Betty Y.S.; Jiang, Wen; Sun, Wei.

In: Theranostics, Vol. 9, No. 21, 01.01.2019, p. 6269-6283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yang, Z, Wang, L, Yu, H, Wang, R, Gou, Y, Zhang, MM, Kang, C, Liu, T, Lan, Y, Wang, X, Liu, J, Cooper, MA, Li, X, Yue, K, Yu, Y, Wang, L, Kim, BYS, Jiang, W & Sun, W 2019, 'Membrane TLR9 positive neutrophil mediated MPLA protects against fatal bacterial sepsis', Theranostics, vol. 9, no. 21, pp. 6269-6283. https://doi.org/10.7150/thno.37139
Yang, Zhaogang ; Wang, Luowei ; Yu, Hongmei ; Wang, Ruonan ; Gou, Yawei ; Zhang, Ming Ming ; Kang, Chen ; Liu, Tongzheng ; Lan, Yu ; Wang, Xiaobing ; Liu, Jiwei ; Cooper, Merideth A. ; Li, Xin ; Yue, Kai ; Yu, Yongli ; Wang, Liying ; Kim, Betty Y.S. ; Jiang, Wen ; Sun, Wei. / Membrane TLR9 positive neutrophil mediated MPLA protects against fatal bacterial sepsis. In: Theranostics. 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 21. pp. 6269-6283.
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abstract = "Sepsis is a major cause of patient mortality and morbidity from bacterial infections. Although neutrophils are known to be important in the development of sepsis, how distinctive neutrophil subtypes regulate inflammatory processes involved in septicemia remains unclear. Preconditioning protects organisms against subsequent higher-dose exposures to the same, or even different, stimuli. Several studies have reported various effects of preconditioning on immune cells. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying neutrophil-mediated protection through preconditioning in sepsis remain unknown. Methods: Flow cytometry was conducted to sort the mice peritoneal lavage cells and the blood samples from patients with sepsis. Western blotting and ELISA were carried out to elucidate the expression of TLR9 signal transduction pathway proteins. Histological analysis was used to assess the effect of InP on intestine and liver structure in tlr9−/− and cav-1−/− mice. Fluorescence microscopy, Co-IP, and FRET were carried out to determine the association of TLR9 with Cav-1. Results: We show that membrane toll-like receptor-9 positive (mTLR9+) neutrophils exert a protective effect against fatal bacterial infections through the process of inflammatory preconditioning (InP). InP, which occurs in the setting of a low-dose bacterial challenge, active ingredient is Monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA), triggers the membrane translocation of TLR9 from the neutrophil cytosol, where it binds to Cav-1. Our findings showed that InP enables TLR9 to facilitate MyD88-mediated TRAF3 and IRF3 signal transduction. Depletion of either TLR9 or Cav-1 largely eliminates the neutrophil-mediated InP effect in sepsis models in vitro and in vivo. Further, examination of clinical samples from patients with sepsis showed that clinical outcomes and likelihood of recovery are closely correlated with mTLR9 and Cav-1 expression in circulating neutrophils. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that the TLR9-Cav-1 axis is a critical signaling pathway involved in the regulation of neutrophil-dependent MPLA mediated InP, and the presence of mTLR9+ neutrophils could be an attractive indicator of clinical outcomes in bacterial sepsis that could be further explored as a potential therapeutic target.",
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AU - Wang, Luowei

AU - Yu, Hongmei

AU - Wang, Ruonan

AU - Gou, Yawei

AU - Zhang, Ming Ming

AU - Kang, Chen

AU - Liu, Tongzheng

AU - Lan, Yu

AU - Wang, Xiaobing

AU - Liu, Jiwei

AU - Cooper, Merideth A.

AU - Li, Xin

AU - Yue, Kai

AU - Yu, Yongli

AU - Wang, Liying

AU - Kim, Betty Y.S.

AU - Jiang, Wen

AU - Sun, Wei

PY - 2019/1/1

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N2 - Sepsis is a major cause of patient mortality and morbidity from bacterial infections. Although neutrophils are known to be important in the development of sepsis, how distinctive neutrophil subtypes regulate inflammatory processes involved in septicemia remains unclear. Preconditioning protects organisms against subsequent higher-dose exposures to the same, or even different, stimuli. Several studies have reported various effects of preconditioning on immune cells. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying neutrophil-mediated protection through preconditioning in sepsis remain unknown. Methods: Flow cytometry was conducted to sort the mice peritoneal lavage cells and the blood samples from patients with sepsis. Western blotting and ELISA were carried out to elucidate the expression of TLR9 signal transduction pathway proteins. Histological analysis was used to assess the effect of InP on intestine and liver structure in tlr9−/− and cav-1−/− mice. Fluorescence microscopy, Co-IP, and FRET were carried out to determine the association of TLR9 with Cav-1. Results: We show that membrane toll-like receptor-9 positive (mTLR9+) neutrophils exert a protective effect against fatal bacterial infections through the process of inflammatory preconditioning (InP). InP, which occurs in the setting of a low-dose bacterial challenge, active ingredient is Monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA), triggers the membrane translocation of TLR9 from the neutrophil cytosol, where it binds to Cav-1. Our findings showed that InP enables TLR9 to facilitate MyD88-mediated TRAF3 and IRF3 signal transduction. Depletion of either TLR9 or Cav-1 largely eliminates the neutrophil-mediated InP effect in sepsis models in vitro and in vivo. Further, examination of clinical samples from patients with sepsis showed that clinical outcomes and likelihood of recovery are closely correlated with mTLR9 and Cav-1 expression in circulating neutrophils. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that the TLR9-Cav-1 axis is a critical signaling pathway involved in the regulation of neutrophil-dependent MPLA mediated InP, and the presence of mTLR9+ neutrophils could be an attractive indicator of clinical outcomes in bacterial sepsis that could be further explored as a potential therapeutic target.

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