Objective: To assess the association between the preoperative model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) and MELD-XI (exclude international normalized ratio) score and outcomes in patients undergoing pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis. Patients and Methods: Patients >18 years of age undergoing pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis between January 1, 2007, and October 12, 2017, were analyzed with data for MELD and MELD-XI score calculation within 30 days preoperatively. The association between the MELD and MELD-XI scoring systems and risk of postoperative outcomes was assessed in regression models adjusting for relevant covariates. The primary outcome was operative mortality (death within 90 days or in hospital). Secondary outcomes included various measures of postoperative morbidity. Results: A total of 175 and 226 patients had data for MELD/MELD-XI, respectively. Ninety-day mortality was 8.7%. When stratified into tertiles of MELD-XI, the unadjusted risk of 90-day mortality was 2.7%, 8.2%, and 16.0%, respectively. In Cox regression models fitted for MELD-XI and MELD, higher scores associated with increased risk of mortality (P<.001 for both). In secondary multivariable analyses, both MELD-XI and MELD were associated with increased incidence of renal failure and greater levels of chest-tube output and transfusion, whereas MELD-XI was additionally associated with prolonged intubation and extended intensive care unit and hospital stays. Conclusion: Among patients undergoing pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis, MELD-XI and MELD were associated with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. Although the simpler MELD-XI score generally performed as well or better than MELD as a correlate of various outcomes, both scores can serve as a simple yet robust risk stratification tool for patients undergoing pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis.
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