Mediating and moderating role of depression, conduct disorder or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in developing adolescent substance use disorders: A population-based study

Kouichi Yoshimasu, William J. Barbaresi, Robert C. Colligan, Robert G. Voigt, Amy L. Weaver, Slavica K. Katusic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To evaluate the mediating/moderating effects of common internalizing /externalizing disorders on the association between ADHD and adolescent substance use disorders (SUD) in a population-based birth cohort. Methods Among 5718 children in the birth cohort, 343 ADHD incident cases and 712 matched controls were identified. Psychiatric diagnoses prior to age 19 were classified into DSM-IV categories. The association between ADHD and SUD was summarized (hazard ratios (HR), 95% CI). The effect of depression, CD/ODD, anxiety was evaluated separately. Results Assessment of the joint effects of ADHD and each psychiatric disorder did not support a moderating effect of these disorders on SUD on additive scale. However, the association between ADHD and SUD was partially explained by a mediating role of these psychiatric disorders. Conclusion For clinicians our results emphasize that depression (or CD/ODD) confers greater risk for SUD than ADHD alone. Early detection/treatment of SUD among adolescents with depression (or CD/ODD) is crucial regardless of ADHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0157488
JournalPloS one
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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