Mechano growth factor interacts with nucleolin to protect against cisplatin-induced neurotoxicity

J. L. Podratz, J. J. Tang, M. J. Polzin, A. M. Schmeichel, J. J. Nesbitt, A. J. Windebank, N. N. Madigan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mechano growth factor (MGF) is an alternatively spliced form of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) that has shown to be neuroprotective against 6-hydroxydopamine toxicity and ischemic injury in the brain. MGF also induces neural stem cell proliferation in the hippocampus and preserves olfactory function in aging mice. Cisplatin is a chemotherapy drug that induces peripheral neuropathy in 30–40% of treated patients. Our studies were designed to see if MGF would protect dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons from cisplatin-induced neurotoxicity and to identify potential mechanisms that may be involved. Expression of endogenous MGF in adult DRG neurons in vivo ameliorated cisplatin-induced thermal hyperalgesia. Exogenous MGF and MGF with a cysteine added to the N-terminus (CMGF) also protected embryonic DRG neurons from cisplatin-induced cell death in vitro. Mass spectroscopy analysis of proteins bound to MGF showed that nucleolin is a key-binding partner. Antibodies against nucleolin prevented the neuroprotective effect of MGF and CMGF in culture. Both nucleolin and MGF are located in the nucleolus of DRG neurons. RNAseq of RNA associated with MGF indicated that MGF may be involved in RNA processing, protein targeting and transcription/translation. Nucleolin is an RNA binding protein that is readily shuttled between the nucleus, cytoplasm and plasma membrane. Nucleolin and MGF may work together to prevent cisplatin-induced neurotoxicity. Exploring the known mechanisms of nucleolin may help us better understand the mechanisms of cisplatin toxicity and how MGF protects DRG neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113376
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume331
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • Dorsal root ganglion neurons
  • Mechano growth factor
  • Mouse
  • Nucleolin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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