Mechanism of mesenchymal stem cell-induced neuron recovery and anti-inflammation

Peng Huang, Nichole Gebhart, Elliott Richelson, Thomas G. Brott, James F. Meschia, Abba C. Zubair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background aims: After ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, neurons in the penumbra surrounding regions of irreversible injury are vulnerable to delayed but progressive damage as a result of ischemia and hemin-induced neurotoxicity. There is no effective treatment to rescue such dying neurons. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) hold promise for rescue of these damaged neurons. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and mechanism of MSC-induced neuro-regeneration and immune modulation. Methods: Oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) was used in our study. M17 neuronal cells were subjected to OGD stress then followed by co-culture with MSCs. Rescue effects were evaluated using proliferation and apoptosis assays. Cytokine assay and quantitative polymerase chain reaction were used to explore the underlying mechanism. Antibody and small molecule blocking experiments were also performed to further understand the mechanism. Results: We showed that M17 proliferation was significantly decreased and the rate of apoptosis increased after exposure to OGD. These effects could be alleviated via co-culture with MSCs. Tumor necrosis factor-α was found elevated after OGD stress and was back to normal levels after co-culture with MSCs. We believe these effects involve interleukin-6 and vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathways. Discussion: Our studies have shown that MSCs have anti-inflammatory properties and the capacity to rescue injured neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1336-1344
Number of pages9
JournalCytotherapy
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Keywords

  • Immune modulation
  • MSC
  • Neuro-regeneration
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Transplantation

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