The emergence of highly effective multiple myeloma (MM) treatments may bring cure within reach and highlights the need for highly sensitive measurable residual disease (MRD) techniques to replace conventional response assessments. MRD is being incorporated as an endpoint in an increasing number of studies and had been repeatedly shown to be both a predictive marker of response to treatment and a prognostic marker for future relapse. However, those results should be cautiously interpreted due to non-uniform reporting and the need for longer follow up to assess for sustained MRD negativity. This review aims to critically analyze the key MRD aspects including the current evidence supporting the use of MRD in clinical practice and the pitfalls of the various methods used to assess MRD. The utility of MRD for light chain (AL) amyloidosis will also be discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research