MDCT imaging of the stomach: Advances and applications

Prashant Nagpal, Anjali Prakash, Gaurav Pradhan, Aditi Vidholia, Nishant Nagpal, Sachin S. Saboo, David M. Kuehn, Ashish Khandelwal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The stomach may be involved by a myriad of pathologies ranging from benign aetiologies like inflammation to malignant aetiologies like carcinoma or lymphoma. Multidetector CT (MDCT) of the stomach is the first-line imaging for patients with suspected gastric pathologies. Conventionally, CT imaging had the advantage of simultaneous detection of the mural and extramural disease extent, but advances in MDCT have allowed mucosal assessment by virtual endoscopy (VE). Also, better three-dimensional (3D) post-processing techniques have enabled more robust and accurate pre-operative planning in patients undergoing gastrectomy and even predict the response to surgery for patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for weight loss. The ability of CT to obtain stomach volume (for bariatric surgery patients) and 3D VE images depends on various patient and protocol factors that are important for a radiologist to understand. We review the appropriate CT imaging protocol in the patients with suspected gastric pathologies and highlight the imaging pearls of various gastric pathologies on CT and VE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20160412
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Volume90
Issue number1069
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Nagpal, P., Prakash, A., Pradhan, G., Vidholia, A., Nagpal, N., Saboo, S. S., Kuehn, D. M., & Khandelwal, A. (2017). MDCT imaging of the stomach: Advances and applications. British Journal of Radiology, 90(1069), [20160412]. https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20160412