Mayo's Older Americans Normative Studies: Age- and IQ-adjusted norms for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Test, and MAE Controlled Oral Word Association Test

Brett A. Steinberg, Linas A. Bieliauskas, Glenn E. Smith, Robert J. Ivnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

103 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although normative data sets for standardized neuropsychometric instruments often include adjustments for subject variables, there are reasons to believe that improvements in interpretive accuracy that result from such adjustments are less than optimal. In particular, years of formal education may be less closely related to test performances than is general intellectual functioning. In this second of four reanalyses of results from the Mayo Clinic's Older Americans Normative Studies (MOANS) databases, age-adjusted scores for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Color-Word Test, and the MAE Controlled Oral Word Associations Test were found to be more strongly associated with Mayo age-adjusted WAIS-R Full Scale IQ scores (rs -.368 to .495) than with education (rs = .174 to .367) for healthy older examinees between 56 and 99 years of age. For the TMT and the COWAT, but not the Stroop, these associations became stronger as IQ increased (cf. Dodrill, 1997, 1999). Tables of age- and IQ-adjusted percentile equivalents of MOANS age-adjusted TMT, Stroop, and COWAT scores are presented for eleven age ranges and seven IQ ranges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-377
Number of pages49
JournalClinical Neuropsychologist
Volume19
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

Fingerprint

Word Association Tests
Trail Making Test
Stroop Test
Education
Social Adjustment
Color
Databases
Stroop
Controlled
Trails
Word Association

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Mayo's Older Americans Normative Studies : Age- and IQ-adjusted norms for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Test, and MAE Controlled Oral Word Association Test. / Steinberg, Brett A.; Bieliauskas, Linas A.; Smith, Glenn E.; Ivnik, Robert J.

In: Clinical Neuropsychologist, Vol. 19, No. 3-4, 09.2005, p. 329-377.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steinberg, Brett A. ; Bieliauskas, Linas A. ; Smith, Glenn E. ; Ivnik, Robert J. / Mayo's Older Americans Normative Studies : Age- and IQ-adjusted norms for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Test, and MAE Controlled Oral Word Association Test. In: Clinical Neuropsychologist. 2005 ; Vol. 19, No. 3-4. pp. 329-377.
@article{ccf6351d1bb24a36903698884414b5f9,
title = "Mayo's Older Americans Normative Studies: Age- and IQ-adjusted norms for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Test, and MAE Controlled Oral Word Association Test",
abstract = "Although normative data sets for standardized neuropsychometric instruments often include adjustments for subject variables, there are reasons to believe that improvements in interpretive accuracy that result from such adjustments are less than optimal. In particular, years of formal education may be less closely related to test performances than is general intellectual functioning. In this second of four reanalyses of results from the Mayo Clinic's Older Americans Normative Studies (MOANS) databases, age-adjusted scores for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Color-Word Test, and the MAE Controlled Oral Word Associations Test were found to be more strongly associated with Mayo age-adjusted WAIS-R Full Scale IQ scores (rs -.368 to .495) than with education (rs = .174 to .367) for healthy older examinees between 56 and 99 years of age. For the TMT and the COWAT, but not the Stroop, these associations became stronger as IQ increased (cf. Dodrill, 1997, 1999). Tables of age- and IQ-adjusted percentile equivalents of MOANS age-adjusted TMT, Stroop, and COWAT scores are presented for eleven age ranges and seven IQ ranges.",
author = "Steinberg, {Brett A.} and Bieliauskas, {Linas A.} and Smith, {Glenn E.} and Ivnik, {Robert J.}",
year = "2005",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1080/13854040590945210",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "329--377",
journal = "The Clinical neuropsychologist",
issn = "1385-4046",
publisher = "Swets & Zeitlinger",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mayo's Older Americans Normative Studies

T2 - Age- and IQ-adjusted norms for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Test, and MAE Controlled Oral Word Association Test

AU - Steinberg, Brett A.

AU - Bieliauskas, Linas A.

AU - Smith, Glenn E.

AU - Ivnik, Robert J.

PY - 2005/9

Y1 - 2005/9

N2 - Although normative data sets for standardized neuropsychometric instruments often include adjustments for subject variables, there are reasons to believe that improvements in interpretive accuracy that result from such adjustments are less than optimal. In particular, years of formal education may be less closely related to test performances than is general intellectual functioning. In this second of four reanalyses of results from the Mayo Clinic's Older Americans Normative Studies (MOANS) databases, age-adjusted scores for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Color-Word Test, and the MAE Controlled Oral Word Associations Test were found to be more strongly associated with Mayo age-adjusted WAIS-R Full Scale IQ scores (rs -.368 to .495) than with education (rs = .174 to .367) for healthy older examinees between 56 and 99 years of age. For the TMT and the COWAT, but not the Stroop, these associations became stronger as IQ increased (cf. Dodrill, 1997, 1999). Tables of age- and IQ-adjusted percentile equivalents of MOANS age-adjusted TMT, Stroop, and COWAT scores are presented for eleven age ranges and seven IQ ranges.

AB - Although normative data sets for standardized neuropsychometric instruments often include adjustments for subject variables, there are reasons to believe that improvements in interpretive accuracy that result from such adjustments are less than optimal. In particular, years of formal education may be less closely related to test performances than is general intellectual functioning. In this second of four reanalyses of results from the Mayo Clinic's Older Americans Normative Studies (MOANS) databases, age-adjusted scores for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Color-Word Test, and the MAE Controlled Oral Word Associations Test were found to be more strongly associated with Mayo age-adjusted WAIS-R Full Scale IQ scores (rs -.368 to .495) than with education (rs = .174 to .367) for healthy older examinees between 56 and 99 years of age. For the TMT and the COWAT, but not the Stroop, these associations became stronger as IQ increased (cf. Dodrill, 1997, 1999). Tables of age- and IQ-adjusted percentile equivalents of MOANS age-adjusted TMT, Stroop, and COWAT scores are presented for eleven age ranges and seven IQ ranges.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=23844546543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=23844546543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/13854040590945210

DO - 10.1080/13854040590945210

M3 - Article

C2 - 16120535

AN - SCOPUS:23844546543

VL - 19

SP - 329

EP - 377

JO - The Clinical neuropsychologist

JF - The Clinical neuropsychologist

SN - 1385-4046

IS - 3-4

ER -