Common left iliac vein compression, otherwise known as May-Thurner (MT), is an anatomical risk factor for lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). MT refers to chronic compression of the left iliac vein against the lumbar spine by the overlying right common iliac artery. The compression may be asymptomatic. The syndrome is a clinical spectrum of physical findings and history plus the lesion. It is characterized by the varying degrees of venous hypertension. This can be non-thrombotic, combined with acute DVT or post-thrombotic. Traditionally, acute DVT was treated with standard anticoagulation and sometimes, thrombectomy. However these measures do not address the underlying culprit lesion of mechanical compression. Furthermore, if managed only with anticoagulation, patients with residual thrombus are at risk for developing recurrent DVT or post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). Both retrospective and prospective studies have shown that endovascular management should be the preferred approach to dissolve proximal thrombus and to also treat the underlying compression with endovascular stent placement.
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
- May-Thurner (MT)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine