Matrix biology of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: A workshop report of the national heart, lung, and blood institute

Victor J. Thannickal, Craig A. Henke, Jeffrey C. Horowitz, Paul W. Noble, Jesse Roman, Patricia J. Sime, Yong Zhou, Rebecca G. Wells, Eric S. White, Daniel J. Tschumperlin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

A hallmark of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is excessive and disordered deposition of extracellular matrix. Although the lung extracellular matrix normally plays an essential role in development and maintenance of lung tissue through reciprocal interactions with resident cells, the disordered matrix in the diseased lung is increasingly recognized as an active and important contributor to IPF pathogenesis. This working group summary from a recently conducted National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute strategic planning workshop for IPF research highlights recent advances, challenges, and opportunities in the study of matrix biology in IPF. Particular attention is given to the composition and mechanical properties of the matrix in normal and diseased lungs, and the biochemical and biomechanical influences exerted by pathological matrix. Recently developed model systems are also summarized as key tools for advancing our understanding of matrix biology in IPF. Emerging approaches to therapeutically target the matrix in preclinical and clinical settings are discussed, as are important concepts, such as alterations of the matrix with aging and the potential for the resolution of fibrosis. Specific recommendations for future studies in matrix biology of IPF are also proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1643-1651
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume184
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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    Thannickal, V. J., Henke, C. A., Horowitz, J. C., Noble, P. W., Roman, J., Sime, P. J., Zhou, Y., Wells, R. G., White, E. S., & Tschumperlin, D. J. (2014). Matrix biology of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: A workshop report of the national heart, lung, and blood institute. American Journal of Pathology, 184(6), 1643-1651. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2014.02.003