Mapping dynamic changes in ventricular volume onto baseline cortical surfaces in normal aging, MCI, and Alzheimer's disease

Sarah K. Madsen, Boris A. Gutman, Shantanu H. Joshi, Arthur W. Toga, Clifford R. Jack, Michael W. Weiner, Paul M. Thompson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ventricular volume (VV) is a powerful global indicator of brain tissue loss on MRI in normal aging and dementia. VV is used by radiologists in clinical practice and has one of the highest obtainable effect sizes for tracking brain change in clinical trials, but it is crucial to relate VV to structural alterations underlying clinical symptoms. Here we identify patterns of thinner cortical gray matter (GM) associated with dynamic changes in lateral VV at 1-year (N=677) and 2-year (N=536) intervals, in the ADNI cohort. People with faster VV loss had thinner baseline cortical GM in temporal, inferior frontal, inferior parietal, and occipital regions (controlling for age, sex, diagnosis). These findings show the patterns of relative cortical atrophy that predict later ventricular enlargement, further validating the use of ventricular segmentations as biomarkers. We may also infer specific patterns of regional cortical degeneration (and perhaps functional changes) that relate to VV expansion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMultimodal Brain Image Analysis - Third International Workshop, MBIA 2013, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2013, Proceedings
Pages84-94
Number of pages11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Event3rd International Workshop on Multimodal Brain Image Analysis, MBIA 2013, Held in Conjunction with the 16th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2013 - Nagoya, Japan
Duration: Sep 22 2013Sep 22 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume8159 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other3rd International Workshop on Multimodal Brain Image Analysis, MBIA 2013, Held in Conjunction with the 16th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2013
CountryJapan
CityNagoya
Period9/22/139/22/13

Keywords

  • brain imaging
  • imaging biomarkers
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • quantitative image analysis
  • statistical analysis
  • temporal/longitudinal image series analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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