Managing the complications of cirrhosis

K. V. Narayanan Menon, Patrick Sequeira Kamath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 3 major and potentially fatal complications of cirrhosis of the liver result from portal hypertension and include variceal bleeding, ascites, and encephalopathy. The cause of other complications, eg, thyroid dysfunction and hepatopulmonary syndrome, is uncertain. Several recent advances have occurred in the treatment of varices. However, treatment of ascites is still primarily confined to achieving a negative sodium balance, and therapy for encephalopathy centers on the use of lactulose. Although effective therapy may be available for most complications of cirrhosis, a major complication indicates a poor longterm prognosis. Liver transplantation the only effective long-term treatment of complications due to cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-509
Number of pages9
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume75
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2000

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Fibrosis
Brain Diseases
Ascites
Hepatopulmonary Syndrome
Lactulose
Therapeutics
Varicose Veins
Portal Hypertension
Liver Cirrhosis
Liver Transplantation
Thyroid Gland
Sodium
Hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Managing the complications of cirrhosis. / Narayanan Menon, K. V.; Kamath, Patrick Sequeira.

In: Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Vol. 75, No. 5, 2000, p. 501-509.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Narayanan Menon, KV & Kamath, PS 2000, 'Managing the complications of cirrhosis', Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 501-509.
Narayanan Menon, K. V. ; Kamath, Patrick Sequeira. / Managing the complications of cirrhosis. In: Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2000 ; Vol. 75, No. 5. pp. 501-509.
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