Management of Wegener granulomatosis

Eric S. White, Carol A. Langford, Henry D. Tazelaar, Joseph P. Lynch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wegener granulomatosis (WG) is the most common of the pulmonary granulomatous vasculitides. Organ involvement characteristically includes the upper and lower respiratory tracts and kidney, but virtually any organ can be involved. Severity of WG varies greatly among patients, ranging from indolent, chronic disease to fulminant, fatal vasculitis. Similarly, the degree of organ involvement differs among patients; WG may involve only a single organ (typically the lungs or upper respiratory tract) or may involve multiple organs. Histologically, WG is defined by necrotizing vasculitis involving small vessels, "geographic" necrosis, and granulomatous inflammation. Therapeutic regimens for active WG are generally effective at inducing remissions, but relapses after discontinuation of therapy are common. Early, short-course induction treatment with cyclophosphamide and corticosteroids for generalized, multiorgan WG, followed by maintenance therapy with less toxic agents (eg, methotrexate, azathioprine) is recommended. Recent studies also suggest that methotrexate combined with corticosteroids may be adequate for inducing remission in non-life-threatening WG. For tracheobronchial/subglottic stenosis and for orbital involvement, alternative therapeutic modalities are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-231
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Pulmonary Medicine
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2005

Keywords

  • Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies
  • Corticosteroids
  • Cytotoxic agents
  • Necrotizing vasculitis
  • Wegener granulomatosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Management of Wegener granulomatosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    White, E. S., Langford, C. A., Tazelaar, H. D., & Lynch, J. P. (2005). Management of Wegener granulomatosis. Clinical Pulmonary Medicine, 12(4), 220-231. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.cpm.0000171329.55658.88