Management of Sacrococcygeal Chordoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Observational Studies

Ahmed T. Ahmed, Omar Abdel-Rahman, Mohamed Morsy, Karim Mustafa, Paola Testini, Ilyas S. Aleem, Mohammad H Murad, Ahmad Nassr

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate different treatment modalities in the management of sacrococcygeal chordoma.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Chordomas are primary malignant bone tumors associated with considerable morbidity and mortality.

METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central-Register of Controlled Trials, and Scopus from inception to July 2015. Eligible studies included patients with sacrococcygeal chordoma treated exclusively with surgery, radiotherapy, or both. Two reviewers independently assessed the eligibility of potential studies, risk of bias, and extracted data. Outcomes of interest were all-cause mortality, progression-free survival, and metastases. We analyzed further surgical outcomes by resection margin. All outcomes were assessed at 60 months and more than 60 months following intervention.

RESULTS: We included 33 noncomparative studies reporting on 501 patients (mean age 57 years). Overall mortality rate was (16%) after surgical resection with adjuvant radiotherapy and (28%) after surgical resection, and (43%) after radiotherapy (P = 0.28). All-cause mortality following wide surgical resection was (32%) compared to (40%) after marginal resection (P = 0.51). Overall progression-free survival rate was (58%) after surgical resection with adjuvant radiotherapy and (55%) after surgery (P = 0.92). However, at more than 60 months follow-up, progression-free survival rates were significantly higher (P = 0.024) following surgical resection with adjuvant radiotherapy (74%) in comparison to surgery (55%) and radiotherapy (36%). Overall progression-free survival rates were nonsignificantly higher after wide surgical resection (66%) than marginal resection (33%) (P = 0.16). However, at 60 months follow-up, progression-free survival rates were significantly higher following wide surgical resection (73%) than marginal resection (33%) (P = 0.047).

CONCLUSION: Sacrococcygeal chordoma is a difficult to treat disease entity. Until comparative studies become available, wide surgical resection and multidisciplinary management are the recommended approaches to improve patient outcomes.3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E1157-E1169
JournalSpine
Volume43
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Ahmed, A. T., Abdel-Rahman, O., Morsy, M., Mustafa, K., Testini, P., Aleem, I. S., Murad, M. H., & Nassr, A. (2018). Management of Sacrococcygeal Chordoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Observational Studies. Spine, 43(19), E1157-E1169. https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000002638