Management of hyponatremia and volume contraction

Alejandro Rabinstein, Nicolas Bruder

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte imbalance seen in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, occurring in one-third to one-half of patients. Hyponatremia may be caused by cerebral salt wasting and by the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone or a combination of both. Limited data are available describing hyponatremia treatment in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients. A Medline search was performed for English-language manuscripts describing original research in the treatment for hyponatremia in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Seven appropriate articles were identified as followed: three testing fludrocortisone, two hydrocortisone, and one each for hypertonic saline and 5% albumin. Data quality for treatment efficacy and safety were moderate for corticosteroid studies and low or very low for hypertonic saline and 5% albumin. Available data, although limited, support early treatment with corticosteroids to limit hyponatremia, with fludrocortisone causing fewer side effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-360
Number of pages7
JournalNeurocritical Care
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

Fingerprint

Hyponatremia
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Fludrocortisone
Albumins
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Wasting Syndrome
Inappropriate ADH Syndrome
Manuscripts
Electrolytes
Hydrocortisone
Language
Therapeutics
Salts
Safety
Research

Keywords

  • Conivaptan
  • Fludrocortisone
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Saline
  • Sodium
  • Vasopressin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Management of hyponatremia and volume contraction. / Rabinstein, Alejandro; Bruder, Nicolas.

In: Neurocritical Care, Vol. 15, No. 2, 01.10.2011, p. 354-360.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Rabinstein, Alejandro ; Bruder, Nicolas. / Management of hyponatremia and volume contraction. In: Neurocritical Care. 2011 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 354-360.
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