Management of Epiphrenic Diverticula and Short-term Outcomes

Monisha Sudarshan, Michael W. Fort, John M. Barlow, Mark S. Allen, Karthik Ravi, Francis Nichols, Stephen D. Cassivi, Dennis A. Wigle, Robert K. Shen, Shanda Haley Blackmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Epiphrenic diverticulum is a rare and benign condition with significant surgical morbidity and evolving surgical management. The objective of this study was to analyze short-term clinical outcomes after surgery for epiphrenic diverticula. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a single tertiary care center of all patients who underwent treatment for epiphrenic esophageal diverticula from June 1990 to December 2016. Data collection included demographics, operative details and short-term outcomes (esophageal leak, other complications, 30-day mortality). In addition, all preoperative imaging was reviewed by an esophageal radiologist in order to describe epiphrenic diverticula characteristics in a uniform and blinded manner. Of the 94 patients in the study, 84 patients were managed with an open surgical approach and 10 with minimally invasive techniques. Median size of diverticula was 5.5 cm and mean height above gastroesophageal junction was 4 cm. A myotomy was completed in 95% of patients and a fundoplication in 58%. The MIS group had a shorter length of stay (4 vs 6 days). Overall complication rate was 27% with an esophageal leak rate of 7% with 60% grade I leaks that sealed with conservative management. Complete resection of the diverticulum, closure of the muscle over the resection, contralateral myotomy, and consideration for partial fundoplication are common strategies utilized to surgically treat patients with epiphrenic diverticulum. Minimally invasive approaches are increasingly utilized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)242-246
Number of pages5
JournalSeminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021


  • Complications
  • Diverticulum
  • Esophageal surgery
  • Esophagus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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