Malrotation of the humeral component of the capitellocondylar total elbow replacement is thought but not proved to be one of the major causes of postoperative dislocation. The purpose of this study was to quantitate the effect of malrotation of the humeral component on the kinematics and laxity of the capitellocondylar total elbow prosthesis. Eleven fresh previously frozen elbows were used. With the humeral component in optimal position, external rotation, or internal rotation, movements of the elbow with neutral, valgus, and varus loading were monitored with an electromagnetic tracking device. When the humeral component was positioned in external rotation, the ulna was more valgus and supinated than when the component was in optimal position, and when the component was in internal rotation the ulna was more valgus in extension and more supinated in flexion. Malrotation in external rotation decreased valgus-varus laxity, and malrotation in internal rotation increased rotational laxity. Only one elbow became dislocated, despite constant severe maltracking between the components in all of the specimens. We concluded that although malrotation of the humeral component influences the laxity and causes maltracking, it is not the primary cause of postoperative dislocation. The contribution of other factors should be investigated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine