Magnetophoretic-based microfluidic device for DNA Concentration

Sangjo Shim, Jiwook Shim, William R. Taylor, Farhad Kosari, George Vasmatzis, David A. Ahlquist, Rashid Bashir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nucleic acids serve as biomarkers of disease and it is highly desirable to develop approaches to extract small number of such genomic extracts from human bodily fluids. Magnetic particles-based nucleic acid extraction is widely used for concentration of small amount of samples and is followed by DNA amplification in specific assays. However, approaches to integrate such magnetic particles based capture with micro and nanofluidic based assays are still lacking. In this report, we demonstrate a magnetophoretic-based approach for target-specific DNA extraction and concentration within a microfluidic device. This device features a large chamber for reducing flow velocity and an array of μ-magnets for enhancing magnetic flux density. With this strategy, the device is able to collect up to 95 % of the magnetic particles from the fluidic flow and to concentrate these magnetic particles in a collection region. Then an enzymatic reaction is used to detach the DNA from the magnetic particles within the microfluidic device, making the DNA available for subsequent analysis. Concentrations of over 1000-fold for 90 bp dsDNA molecules is demonstrated. This strategy can bridge the gap between detection of low concentration analytes from clinical samples and a range of micro and nanofluidic sensors and devices including nanopores, nano-cantilevers, and nanowires.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number28
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalBiomedical Microdevices
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Fingerprint

Lab-On-A-Chip Devices
Microfluidics
DNA
Nanofluidics
Nucleic acids
Equipment and Supplies
Nucleic Acids
Assays
Nanopores
Nanowires
Magnets
Fluidics
Biomarkers
Magnetic flux
Flow velocity
Amplification
Molecules
Fluids
Sensors

Keywords

  • DNA concentration
  • DNA conjugated magnetic particles
  • Magnetophoresis
  • Uracil linker
  • Uracil-specific excision reagent enzyme

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Magnetophoretic-based microfluidic device for DNA Concentration. / Shim, Sangjo; Shim, Jiwook; Taylor, William R.; Kosari, Farhad; Vasmatzis, George; Ahlquist, David A.; Bashir, Rashid.

In: Biomedical Microdevices, Vol. 18, No. 2, 28, 01.04.2016, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shim, Sangjo ; Shim, Jiwook ; Taylor, William R. ; Kosari, Farhad ; Vasmatzis, George ; Ahlquist, David A. ; Bashir, Rashid. / Magnetophoretic-based microfluidic device for DNA Concentration. In: Biomedical Microdevices. 2016 ; Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 1-8.
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