Purpose: To demonstrate the feasibility and diagnostic value of high-frequency magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) for evaluation of prostatic disease in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Methods: 41 patients who underwent preoperative prostate MRI and MRE with a modified driver were enrolled retrospectively from May 2016 to September 2021. All were included in the assessment of MRE image quality, using a qualitative visual inspection and a quantitative confidence map. 35 patients (prostate cancer (PCa), n = 13; non-PCa, n = 22) undergoing prostatectomy or biopsy were evaluated for the diagnostic performance of stiffness values. The confidence values and the stiffness values were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and independent samples T test, respectively. Area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) analysis was performed. Results: Through the qualitative analysis, all MRE acquisitions were successful at 60, 90, 120 and 150 Hz. The quantitative confidence values were significantly lower at 60 Hz (0.683 ± 0.055) and 90 Hz (0.762 ± 0.048) than that at 120 Hz (0.814 ± 0.049) and 150 Hz (0.840 ± 0.049), all P < 0.001. The stiffness of PCa was higher than non-PCa at 90 Hz (P = 0.008), 120 Hz (P < 0.001) and 150 Hz (P < 0.001). The AUCs were 0.773, 0.881 and 0.944, respectively. Conclusion: Prostate MRE using the modified driver is feasible at 60–150 Hz and image quality is better at higher frequencies. Prostate MRE may be useful and helpful to evaluate prostate diseases in patients with LUTS at higher frequencies; however, further study may be warranted with larger population in future.
- High frequency
- Magnetic resonance elastography
- Prostate cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging