Macroautophagy Regulates Nuclear NOTCH1 Activity Through Multiple p62 Binding Sites

Ting Zhang, Lixia Guo, Yuanyuan Wang, Yanan D Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

NOTCH1 is the prototype of the NOTCH family of single-pass transmembrane receptors and regulates many basic processes during embryonic development and human pathogenesis. In core to NOTCH1 activation are proteolytic cleavages that release its intracellular domain (NICD1), which in turn translocates to the nucleus to regulate gene transcription. Macroautophagy (hereafter autophagy) has been shown to promote the degradation of NOTCH1, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we show that autophagy promotes the degradation of NOTCH1 by p62-dependent binding between NICD1 and LC3, a component of the autophagosomes that execute autophagy. Strikingly, deleting any of the structural NICD1 domains fails to block the degradation of NICD1 by autophagy, and p62 binds to almost all these domains independently, indicating that p62 binds to multiple sites on NICD1 to promote its degradation. Intriguingly, inhibition of autophagy induces the accumulation of NICD1 in not only the cytoplasm but also the nucleus and increases the transcriptional activity of NICD1, and such regulation of nuclear NICD1 by autophagy is unique to NICD1 and not observed for all other NICDs (NICD2-4). Collectively, our results suggest that autophagy tightly controls nuclear NOTCH1 activity through multiple p62 binding sites, and that modulating autophagy activity may be useful for treating NOTCH1 related human diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)985-994
Number of pages10
JournalIUBMB Life
Volume70
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • autophagy
  • degradation
  • NOTCH1
  • p62

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this