Lumen segmentation and motion estimation in B-mode and contrast-enhanced ultrasound images of the carotid artery in patients with atherosclerotic plaque

Diego D.B. Carvalho, Zeynettin Akkus, Stijn C.H. Van Den Oord, Arend F.L. Schinkel, Antonius F.W. Van Der Steen, Wiro J. Niessen, Johan G. Bosch, Stefan Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

In standard B-mode ultrasound (BMUS), segmentation of the lumen of atherosclerotic carotid arteries and studying the lumen geometry over time are difficult owing to irregular lumen shapes, noise, artifacts, and echolucent plaques. Contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) improves lumen visualization, but lumen segmentation remains challenging owing to varying intensities, CEUS-specific artifacts and lack of tissue visualization. To overcome these challenges, we propose a novel method using simultaneously acquired BMUS and CEUS image sequences. Initially, the method estimates nonrigid motion (NME) from the image sequences, using intensity-based image registration. The motion-compensated image sequence is then averaged to obtain a single 'epitome' image with improved signal-to-noise ratio. The lumen is segmented from the epitome image through an intensity joint-histogram classification and a graph-based segmentation. NME was validated by comparing displacements with manual annotations in 11 carotids. The average root mean square error (RMSE) was 112 73~μm. Segmentation results were validated against manual delineations in the epitome images of two different datasets, respectively containing 11 (RMSE 191 43~μm) and 10 (RMSE 351 176~μm) carotids. From the deformation fields, we derived arterial distensibility with values comparable to the literature. The average errors in all experiments were in the inter-observer variability range. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study exploiting combined BMUS and CEUS images for atherosclerotic carotid lumen segmentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6964810
Pages (from-to)983-993
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE transactions on medical imaging
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • B-mode ultrasound
  • carotid artery
  • contrast-enhanced ultrasound
  • lumen segmentation
  • motion estimation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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