LRRC10 is required to maintain cardiac function in response to pressure overload

Matthew J. Brody, Li Feng, Adrian C. Grimes, Timothy A. Hacker, Timothy M. Olson, Timothy J. Kamp, Ravi C. Balijepalli, Youngsook Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously reported that the cardiomyocyte-specific leucine-rich repeat containing protein (LRRC)10 has critical functions in the mammalian heart. In the present study, we tested the role of LRRC10 in the response of the heart to biomechanical stress by performing transverse aortic constriction on Lrrc10-null (Lrrc10-/- mice. Mild pressure overload induced severe cardiac dysfunction and ventricular dilation in Lrrc10-/- mice compared with control mice. In addition to dilation and cardiomyopathy, Lrrc10-/- mice showed a pronounced increase in heart weight with pressure overload stimulation and a more dramatic loss of cardiac ventricular performance, collectively suggesting that the absence of LRRC10 renders the heart more disease prone with greater hypertrophy and structural remodeling, although rates of cardiac fibrosis and myocyte dropout were not different from control mice. Lrrc10-1- cardiomyocytes also exhibited reduced contractility in response to β-adrenergic stimulation, consistent with loss of cardiac ventricular performance after pressure overload. We have previously shown that LRRC10 interacts with actin in the heart. Here, we show that His150 of LRRC10 was required for an interaction with actin, and this interaction was reduced after pressure overload, suggesting an integral role for LRRC10 in the response of the heart to mechanical stress. Importantly, these experiments demonstrated that LRRC10 is required to maintain cardiac performance in response to pressure overload and suggest that dysregulated expression or mutation of LRRC10 may greatly sensitize human patients to more severe cardiac disease in conditions such as chronic hypertension or aortic stenosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H269-H278
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume310
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Eccentric hypertrophy
  • Leucine-rich repeat containing 10
  • Pressure overload

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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