Loss of expression of the transforming growth factor β type II receptor (TβRII) has been implicated as an important event in renal carcinogenesis; however, its role as a potential prognostic factor remains poorly understood. Using archived tumor samples and long-term follow-up on a cohort of 280 clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) patients treated with surgery from 1980 to 1998, we evaluated the association of TβRII expression and cancer-specific survival in both a univariate and multivariate setting. Low tumor expression of TβRII is associated with a less aggressive tumor phenotype at time of surgery. Moreover, those patients with lower levels of TβRII expression experience better cancer-specific survival than patients with higher levels of TβRII expression (log rank P = .034). Based on a Cox proportional hazard model adjusting for age, patients with tumors showing low (hazard ratio, 0.49; 95% confidence interval, 0.27-0.88) and moderate (hazard ratio, 0.7; 95% confidence interval, 0.40-1.23) TβRII expression are at decreased risk of RCC death compared with patients with tumors having high levels of TβRII expression. Adjustment for well-known pathologic predictors of RCC outcome attenuates the association of TβRII expression and ccRCC survival. Of interest, the association with TβRII expression appears more pronounced among those patients with tumors showing less aggressive phenotypes. Data from this investigation are the first to suggest that loss of TβRII expression is associated with improved ccRCC patient survival, especially among those patients with less aggressive disease profiles at time of surgery.
- Renal cancer
- Transforming growth factor beta type II receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine