Low-risk percutaneous coronary interventions without on-site cardiac surgery: Two years' observational experience and follow-up

Henry H Ting, Kirk N. Garratt, Mandeep Singh, Michael A. Kjelsberg, Farris K. Timimi, Kevin T. Cragun, Robert J. Houlihan, Katherine L. Boutchee, Christopher H. Crocker, Jack T. Cusma, Douglas L. Wood, David R. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We studied the safety and efficacy of performing low-risk elective and acute infarct percutaneous coronary interventions at a community hospital without cardiac surgical capability. Methods: Immanuel St Joseph's Hospital is located 85 miles from St Mary's Hospital, which is the nearest center with on-site cardiac surgery. All components of the Mayo Clinic percutaneous coronary intervention program were replicated at Immanuel St Joseph's Hospital, including a telemedicine system to enable real-time consultation with interventional and cardiac surgical colleagues during procedures. Results: From March 1999 to June 2001, 196 patients underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention at Immanuel St Joseph's Hospital. Procedural success was achieved in 195 (99.5%) patients, with 1 (0.5%) inhospital death. At mean follow-up of 8.2 months, 2 (1.0%) additional patients died of noncardiac causes and 15 (7.7%) patients required target vessel revascularization. From March 2000 to June 2001, 89 patients underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction. Procedural success was achieved in 83 (93.3%) patients, with 3 (3.4%) inhospital deaths. At 30-day follow up, no additional patients died, had recurrent myocardial infarction, or required target vessel revascularization. No patients required transfer to another facility for emergent cardiac surgery for a procedure-related complication. Conclusions: Low-risk elective and acute infarct percutaneous coronary interventions can be performed with safety and efficacy at a community hospital without cardiac surgical capability by following rigorous standards.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-284
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume145
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Ting, H. H., Garratt, K. N., Singh, M., Kjelsberg, M. A., Timimi, F. K., Cragun, K. T., Houlihan, R. J., Boutchee, K. L., Crocker, C. H., Cusma, J. T., Wood, D. L., & Holmes, D. R. (2003). Low-risk percutaneous coronary interventions without on-site cardiac surgery: Two years' observational experience and follow-up. American Heart Journal, 145(2), 278-284. https://doi.org/10.1067/mhj.2003.61