Background - Although aortic valve replacement can be performed at an acceptable risk level in selected patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and low-output, low-gradient aortic stenosis, not all patients presenting with these hemodynamics will benefit from the operation. Some patients may have only mild aortic stenosis, despite a small calculated valve area. We report on the clinical utility of diagnostic dobutamine stimulation during cardiac catheterization in these diagnostically challenging patients. Methods and Results - Thirty-two patients with low-output, low-gradient aortic stenosis and an ejection fraction <40% had dobutamine infusion in the catheterization laboratory. On the basis of the results of the dobutamine test, 21 patients underwent aortic valve replacement. All patients with a final aortic valve area ≤1.2 cm2 at peak dobutamine infusion and a mean gradient of >30 mm Hg were found to have severe calcific aortic stenosis at operation. In the 15 patients in whom contractile reserve was identified during dobutamine challenge (increase in stroke volume >20%), 1 patient died perioperatively (7% mortality) and 12 patients were alive in New York Heart Association class I or II status at follow-up. Conclusions - In patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and aortic stenosis with a low output and a low mean gradient, dobutamine challenge may aid in selecting those who would benefit from an aortic valve operation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Aug 13 2002|
- Inotropic agents
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)