Background: Consensus on whether low-dose (81 mg) or regular-dose (325 mg) aspirin (ASA) is more effective for venous thromboembolism (VTE) chemoprophylaxis in primary total joint arthroplasties (TJAs) is not reached. The goal of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of low-dose and regular-dose ASA for VTE chemoprophylaxis in primary total hip arthroplasties and total knee arthroplasties. Methods: We retrospectively identified 3512 primary TJAs (2344 total hip arthroplasties and 1168 total knee arthroplasties) with ASA used as VTE chemoprophylaxis between 2000 and 2019. Patients received ASA twice daily for 4-6 weeks after surgery with 961 (27%) receiving low-dose ASA and 2551 (73%) receiving regular-dose ASA. The primary endpoint was 90-day incidence of symptomatic VTEs. Secondary outcomes were gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding events and mortality. The mean age at index TJA was 66 years, 54% were female, and mean body mass index was 31 kg/m2. The mean Charlson Comorbidity Index was 3.5. Mean follow-up was 3 years. Results: There was no difference in 90-day incidence of symptomatic VTEs between low-dose and regular-dose ASA (0% vs 0.1%, respectively; P = .79). There were no GI bleeding events in either group. There was no difference in 90-day mortality between low-dose and regular-dose ASA (0.3% vs 0.1%, respectively; P = .24). Conclusion: In 3512 primary TJA patients treated with ASA, we found a cumulative incidence of VTE <1% at 90 days. Although this study is underpowered, it appears that twice daily low-dose ASA was equally effective to twice daily regular-dose ASA for VTE chemoprophylaxis, with no difference in risk of GI bleeds or mortality. Level of Evidence: III, retrospective cohort study.
- total hip arthroplasty
- total knee arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine