Low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor p75NTR immunoreactivity in the myocardium with sympathetic hyperinnervation

Shengmei Zhou, Ji Min Cao, Moshe Swissa, Ignacio Gonzalez-Gomez, Che Ming Chang, Kai Chien, Yasushi Miyauchi, Katherine J. Fu, Johnny Yi, Kamlesh Asotra, Hrayr S. Karagueuzian, Michael C. Fishbein, Peng Sheng Chen, Lan S. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Introduction: We previously demonstrated the relationship between sympathetic nerve density in myocardium and the occurrences of ventricular arrhythmia. Nerve growth factor (NGF) regulates myocardial sympathetic innervation. However, it is unclear whether the NGF high-affinity receptor tyrosine kinase A (TrkA) and the NGF low-affinity receptor p75NTR are altered in the state of sympathetic hyperinnervation in the heart. The aim of this study was to determine the density and location of TrkA and p75NTR in canine ventricles with sympathetic hyperinnervation. Methods and Results: Myocardial sympathetic hyperinnervation was induced by local infusion of NGF into myocardium or left stellate ganglia, or chronic subthreshold electric stimulation to the left stellate ganglia. The results showed that TrkA immunoreactivity was absent in the myocardium. Low-affinity receptor p75NTR immunoreactivity was present in axons, Schwann cells, and interstitial cells of sympathetic nerves, as well as in interstitial cells of the myocardium. The density of p75NTR immunolabeled myocardial interstitial cells at the NGF infusion site was lower than that at the site remote from NGF infusion, yet the sympathetic nerve density was higher at the infusion site than the remote area. The density of p75NTR also was lower in the myocardium with high sympathetic nerve density, induced by NGF infusion or chronic electric stimulation of the left stellate ganglia, compared to control groups. Conclusion: The data indicate that p75NTR may be the main NGF receptor in the myocardium, and p75NTR immunopositive interstitial cells may have a role in regulating sympathetic nerve growth in canine heart.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-437
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cardiovascular electrophysiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2004


  • Nerve growth factor
  • Sudden cardiac death
  • Sympathetic nerve
  • TrkA
  • p75NTR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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