Lookup tables versus stacked rasch analysis in comparing pre- and postintervention adult strabismus-20 data

David A. Leske, Sarah R. Hatt, Laura Liebermann, Jonathan M. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We compare two methods of analysis for Rasch scoring pre- to postintervention data: Rasch lookup table versus de novo stacked Rasch analysis using the Adult Strabismus-20 (AS-20). Methods: One hundred forty-seven subjects completed the AS-20 questionnaire prior to surgery and 6 weeks postoperatively. Subjects were classified 6 weeks postoperatively as “success,” “partial success,” or “failure” based on angle and diplopia status. Postoperative change in AS-20 scores was compared for all four AS-20 domains (self-perception, interactions, reading function, and general function) overall and by success status using two methods: (1) applying historical Rasch threshold measures from lookup tables and (2) performing a stacked de novo Rasch analysis. Change was assessed by analyzing effect size, improvement exceeding 95% limits of agreement (LOA), and score distributions. Results: Effect sizes were similar for all AS-20 domains whether obtained from lookup tables or stacked analysis. Similar proportions exceeded 95% LOAs using lookup tables versus stacked analysis. Improvement in median score was observed for all AS20 domains using lookup tables and stacked analysis (P, 0.0001 for all comparisons). Conclusions: The Rasch-scored AS-20 is a responsive and valid instrument designed to measure strabismus-specific health-related quality of life. When analyzing pre- to postoperative change in AS-20 scores, Rasch lookup tables and de novo stacked Rasch analysis yield essentially the same results. Translational Relevance: We describe a practical application of lookup tables, allowing the clinician or researcher to score the Rasch-calibrated AS-20 questionnaire without specialized software.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number11
JournalTranslational Vision Science and Technology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Patient reported outcomes
  • Quality of life
  • Rasch
  • Strabismus
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Ophthalmology

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