Long-term youth criminal outcomes in MST transport: The impact of therapist adherence and organizational climate and structure

Sonja K. Schoenwald, Jason E. Chapman, Ashli J. Sheidow, Rickey E. Carter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations


This study investigated relations among therapist adherence to an evidence-based treatment for youth with serious antisocial behavior (i.e., Multisystemic Therapy), organizational climate and structure, and youth criminal charges on average 4 years posttreatment. Participants were 1,979 youth and families treated by 429 therapists across 45 provider organizations. Results showed therapist adherence predicted significantly lower rates of youth criminal charges independently and in the presence of organizational variables. Therapist perceptions of job satisfaction and opportunities for growth and advancement relative to the organizational average predicted youth criminal charges, as did organizational average levels of participation in decision making. These associations washed out in the presence of adherence, despite the fact that job satisfaction and growth and advancement were associated with adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-105
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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