Long-term weight loss after colorectal cancer diagnosis is associated with lower survival: The Colon Cancer Family Registry

Jonathan M. Kocarnik, Xinwei Hua, Sheetal Hardikar, Jamaica Robinson, Noralane M. Lindor, Aung Ko Win, John L. Hopper, Jane C. Figueiredo, John D. Potter, Peter T. Campbell, Steven Gallinger, Michelle Cotterchio, Scott V. Adams, Stacey A. Cohen, Amanda I. Phipps, Polly A. Newcomb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Body weight is associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk and survival, but to the authors' knowledge, the impact of long-term postdiagnostic weight change is unclear. Herein, the authors investigated whether weight change over the 5 years after a diagnosis of CRC is associated with survival. METHODS: CRC cases diagnosed from 1997 to 2008 were identified through 4 population-based cancer registry sites. Participants enrolled within 2 years of diagnosis and reported their height and weight 2 years prior. Follow-up questionnaires were administered approximately 5 years after diagnosis. Associations between change in weight (in kg) or body mass index (BMI) with overall and CRC-specific survival were estimated using Cox regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, American Joint Committee on Cancer stage of disease, baseline BMI, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, smoking, time between diagnosis and enrollment, and study site. RESULTS: At the 5-year postdiagnostic survey, 2049 participants reported higher (53%; median plus 5 kg), unchanged (12%), or lower (35%; median -4 kg) weight. Over a median of 5.1 years of subsequent follow-up (range, 0.3-9.9 years), 344 participants died (91 of CRC). Long-term weight loss (per 5 kg) was found to be associated with poorer overall survival (hazard ratio, 1.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-1.21) and CRC-specific survival (hazard ratio, 1.25; 95% confidence interval, 1.13-1.39). Significantly lower survival was similarly observed for relative weight loss (>5% vs ≤5% change), BMI reduction (per 1 unit), or BMI category change (overweight to normal vs remaining overweight). CONCLUSIONS: Weight loss 5 years after a diagnosis of CRC was found to be significantly associated with decreased long-term survival, suggesting the importance of avoiding weight loss in survivors of CRC. Future research should attempt to further evaluate this association, accounting for whether this weight change was intentional or represents a marker of declining health. Cancer 2017;123:4701-4708.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4701-4708
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume123
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • body mass index (BMI)
  • colorectal neoplasms
  • epidemiology
  • follow-up studies
  • mortality
  • survivors
  • weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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