Long-Term Use of Mixed-Oil Lipid Emulsion in Soybean Oil–Intolerant Home Parenteral Nutrition Patients

Manpreet S. Mundi, Aravind R. Kuchkuntla, Bradley R. Salonen, Sara Bonnes, Ryan T. Hurt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is lifesaving for patients with chronic intestinal failure (IF), long-term use can be associated with complications such as infections, metabolic abnormalities, and IF–associated liver disease (IFALD). The key to treatment of many of these complications is prevention. Guidelines recommend avoidance of overfeeding, use of oral/enteral nutrition if possible, cyclic PN, and maintaining dose of soybean oil (SO) intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) <1 g/kg/day as preventive strategies for IFALD. Additionally, with development of IFALD, ω-6/ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid ratio should be decreased in ILE. The newly available mixed-oil (MO) ILE offers such an opportunity; however, there is a paucity of long-term data available. Methods: The current study reports our long-term experience with MO ILE use in HPN patients. Results: Seventeen patients (8 female and 9 male) with an average age of 47 ± 12 years and median HPN duration of 4.6 years (1.1–32.1 years) have utilized MO ILE for >12 months after being transitioned from SO ILE because of intolerance. Use of MO ILE allowed an increase in ILE energy from 8% ± 8% to 22% ± 8% while reducing dextrose energy from 66% ± 8% to 54% ± 5%, maintaining stability in alkaline phosphatase and triglyceride levels, and achieving improvement in aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, total bilirubin, and α-tocopherol levels. Conclusion: In this HPN cohort with SO ILE intolerance, MO ILE was well tolerated and allowed an improvement in macronutrient composition while improving some liver parameters over a 12-month period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-307
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • home nutrition support
  • lipids
  • liver disease
  • parenteral formulas/compounding
  • parenteral nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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