Long-term Success With Diminished Opioid Prescribing After Implementation of Standardized Postoperative Opioid Prescribing Guidelines: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis

Bridget L. Findlay, Cameron J. Britton, Amy E. Glasgow, Matthew T. Gettman, Mark D. Tyson, Raymond W. Pak, Boyd R. Viers, Elizabeth B. Habermann, Matthew J. Ziegelmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess longitudinal prescribing patterns for patients undergoing urologic surgery in the nearly 2-year time frame before and after implementation of an evidence-based opioid prescribing guideline to accurately characterize the impact on postoperative departmental practices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Historical prescribing data for adults who underwent 21 urologic procedures at 3 academic institutions were used to derive a 4-tiered guideline for postoperative opioid prescribing. The guideline was implemented on January 16, 2018, and prescribing patterns including quantity of opioids prescribed (in oral morphine equivalents [OMEs]) and refill rates were compared for opioid-naïve patients undergoing urologic surgery before (January 1, 2016, through January 15, 2018; N=10,649) and after (January 16, 2018, through September 30, 2019; N=9422) guideline implementation. Univariate analysis was performed using Wilcoxon rank sum and χ2 tests. Cochran-Armitage trend tests and interrupted time series analysis were used to test for significance in the change in OMEs prescribed before vs after guideline implementation. RESULTS: The median quantity of opioids decreased from 150 OMEs (interquartile range, 0-225) before guideline implementation to 0 OMEs (interquartile range, 0-90) after guideline implementation (P<.001). Median OMEs decreased significantly in each tier and each of 21 individual procedures. Overall guideline adherence was 90.7% (n=8547). Despite this decrease in OMEs prescribed, post-guideline implementation patients obtained fewer refills than the pre-guideline implementation group (614 [6.5%] vs 999 [9.4%]; P<.001). CONCLUSION: In a multi-institutional follow-up prospective study of adult urologic surgery-specific evidence-based guidelines for postoperative prescribing, we demonstrate sustained reduction in OMEs prescribed secondary to guideline implementation and adherence by our providers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1135-1146
Number of pages12
JournalMayo Clinic proceedings
Volume96
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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