BACKGROUND: Cementation of a constrained liner is a viable option for treating instability after total hip arthroplasty (THA) when the acetabular component is well fixed and well aligned. However, concerns regarding long-term mechanical failure and recurrent instability remain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term survivorship, complications, and clinical and radiographic outcomes of constrained polyethylene liners cemented into well-fixed acetabular components at the time of revision THA. METHODS: We identified 125 cases in which a constrained liner of 1 design was cemented into a retained, osseointegrated acetabular component during revision THA between 1998 and 2006. The mean patient age at revision was 70 years. Mean follow-up was 7 years. Survivorship data, risk of instability, and clinical and radiographic outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Survivorship free from revision for instability was 86% at 5 years and 81% at 10 years. Survivorship free from aseptic acetabular component revision was 78% at 5 years and 65% at 10 years, with the most common failure mechanism being dissociation of the constrained liner from the acetabular component. Survivorship free from revision for any reason was 76% at 5 years and 60% at 10 years. The most common complications were instability and periprosthetic joint infection, with cumulative incidences at 7 years of 18% and 11%, respectively. Harris hip scores did not significantly improve. Cup position did not affect implant survivorship or risk of dislocation. CONCLUSIONS: Cementing a constrained liner into a retained acetabular shell at the time of revision THA has durable long-term results, with 8 in 10 patients free from instability at 10 years. Aseptic acetabular survivorship was worse (65%) at 10 years, primarily due to dissociation of the constrained liner from the acetabular component. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume|
|State||Published - Apr 3 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine