Long-Term Outcomes of Acute Myocardial Infarction With Concomitant Cardiogenic Shock and Cardiac Arrest

Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Stephanie R. Payne, Jacob C. Jentzer, Lindsey R. Sangaralingham, Xiaoxi Yao, Kianoush Kashani, Nilay D. Shah, Abhiram Prasad, Shannon M. Dunlay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study sought to evaluate long-term mortality and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in patients with cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This was a retrospective cohort study using an administrative claims database. AMI patients from January 1, 2010 to May 31, 2018 were stratified into CA + CS, CA only, CS only, and AMI alone cohorts. Outcomes of interest were long-term mortality and MACCE (death, AMI, cerebrovascular accident, unplanned revascularization) in AMI survivors. A total 163,071 AMI patients were included with CA + CS, CA only, and CS only in 2.4%, 5.0%, and 4.0%, respectively. The CA + CS cohort had higher rates of multiorgan failure, mechanical circulatory support use and less frequent coronary angiography use. In-hospital mortality was noted in 10,686 (6.6%) patients – CA + CS (48.8%), CA only (35.9%), CS only (24.1%), and AMI alone (2.9%; p < 0.001). Over 23.5 ± 21.7 months follow-up after hospital discharge, patients with CA + CS (hazard ratio [HR] 1.36 [95% confidence interval {CI} 1.19 to 1.55]), CA only (HR 1.16 [95% CI 1.08 to 1.25]), CS only (HR 1.39 [95% CI 1.29 to 1.50]) had higher all-cause mortality compared with AMI alone (all p < 0.001). Presence of CS, either alone (HR 1.22 [95% CI 1.16 to 1.29]; p < 0.001) or with CA (HR 1.18 [95% CI 1.07 to 1.29]; p < 0.001), was associated with higher MACCE compared with AMI alone. In conclusion, CA + CS, CA, and CS were associated with worse long-term survival. CA and CS continue to influence outcomes beyond the index hospitalization in AMI survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-22
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume133
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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