Long-term outcome of patients treated with repeat percutaneous coronary intervention after failure of γ-brachytherapy for the treatment of in-stent restenosis

Ross Prpic, Paul S. Teirstein, John P. Reilly, Jeffrey W. Moses, Prabhakar Tripuraneni, Alexandra J. Lansky, Joseph Anthony Giorgianni, Shirish Jani, S. Chiu Wong, R. David Fish, Stephen Ellis, David R. Holmes, Dean Kereiakas, Richard E. Kuntz, Martin B. Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - Although 192Ir intracoronary brachytherapy has been demonstrated to dramatically reduce the recurrence of in-stent restenosis, up to 24% of these patients will still require repeat target-vessel revascularization. The short- and long-term outcomes of repeat percutaneous intervention in this population have not been characterized. Methods and Results - Analysis was performed of all patients enrolled in the GAMMA-I and GAMMA-II brachytherapy trials who underwent repeat percutaneous target lesion revascularization (TLR) because of restenosis. Subjects were divided into 2 cohorts: those who had received 192Ir brachytherapy and those randomized to placebo. Forty-five (17.6%) of a total of 256 patients whose index treatment was intracoronary radiation therapy and 36 (29.8%) of 121 patients whose index treatment was placebo required repeat percutaneous TLR. The mean time to this first TLR was 295±206 days in the irradiated group and 202±167 days in the placebo group (P=0.03). Acute procedural success occurred in 100% of irradiated patients and 94% of placebo controls (P=0.19). After the first TLR, a subsequent TLR was required in 15 (33.3%) of 45 brachytherapy patients versus 17 (47.2%) of 36 placebo failure patients (P=0.26). There was no significant difference in time to second TLR between the 2 groups. Other long-term major adverse event rates in both groups were comparable to those of other contemporary angioplasty/stenting series. Conclusions -In those patients who "fail" 192Ir intracoronary brachytherapy for in-stent restenosis, treatment with 192Ir delays the time to first TLR. Additionally, repeat percutaneous intervention in these patients is safe and efficacious in the short term, with acceptable long-term results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2340-2345
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation
Volume106
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2002

Keywords

  • Angioplasty
  • Brachytherapy
  • Restenosis
  • Stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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