Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the early and late results of atrioventricular valve surgery after Fontan operation.Background Atrioventricular valve regurgitation is a known perioperative risk factor for Fontan operation. There are limited data on the outcomes of late atrioventricular valve surgery following Fontan operation.Methods Patients who underwent atrioventricular valve surgery following Fontan procedure were identified from the Mayo Clinic Fontan database. Medical records were reviewed for pre-operative, operative, and post-operative clinical and haemodynamic data. All patients not known to be deceased were sent health status questionnaires.Results A total of 61 patients (28 females) underwent atrioventricular valve surgery following Fontan procedure. The median age at atrioventricular valve surgery was 14 years. The median duration between Fontan and atrioventricular valve surgery was 4.7 years. Median follow-up was 9 years. There were a total of 32 (52%) deaths with 8 (13%) within 30 days of surgery. The 5-, 10-, and 15-year survival rates were 67%, 57%, and 45%, respectively. On follow-up, 44 of 61 (72%) had arrhythmias, 21 of 29 (72%) were symptomatic, and 12 of 61 (20%) developed protein-losing enteropathy. On multivariate analysis, reduced ventricular function and development of protein-losing enteropathy were associated with decreased survival.Conclusion Atrioventricular valve surgery after Fontan procedure is associated with substantial late morbidity and mortality. Atrioventricular valve surgery in this cohort of patients portends poor long-term outcome and is associated with a high incidence of protein-losing enteropathy. Reduced ventricular function and development of protein-losing enteropathy were associated with decreased survival.
- Atrioventricular valve surgery
- Fontan operation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine