We report single institution outcome of brief, intensive ara-C-based chemotherapy using bone marrow transplantation as primary intensification for untreated adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Overall disease-free and overall survival were inferior to those reported with prolonged chemotherapy modeled on pediatric protocols. Survival and disease-free survival were superior for patients receiving allogeneic BMT compared with chemopurged autologous transplant or maintenance chemotherapy (patients ineligible for or declining BMT). In multivariate analysis, non-L2-FAB, higher ara-C dose, absence of CNS disease, non-Ph1+ karyotype, allogeneic BMT, T cell phenotype, and younger age were associated with improved disease-free survival. Autologous BMT was not superior to chemotherapy, and appears unlikely to provide adequate curative treatment for most adult ALL patients if not followed by maintenance.
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
- Bone marrow transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research