Long QT syndrome caveolin-3 mutations differentially modulate Kv4 and Cav1.2 channels to contribute to action potential prolongation

Leonid Tyan, Jason D. Foell, Kevin P. Vincent, Marites T. Woon, Walatta T. Mesquitta, Di Lang, Jabe M. Best, Michael John Ackerman, Andrew D. McCulloch, Alexey V. Glukhov, Ravi C. Balijepalli, Timothy J. Kamp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Key points: Mutations in the caveolae scaffolding protein, caveolin-3 (Cav3), have been linked to the long QT type 9 inherited arrhythmia syndrome (LQT9) and the cause of underlying action potential duration prolongation is incompletely understood. In the present study, we show that LQT9 Cav3 mutations, F97C and S141R, cause mutation-specific gain of function effects on Cav1.2-encoded L-type Ca2+ channels responsible for ICa,L and also cause loss of function effects on heterologously expressed Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 channels responsible for Ito. A computational model of the human ventricular myocyte action potential suggests that the major ionic current change causing action potential duration prolongation in the presence of Cav3-F97C is the slowly inactivating ICa,L but, for Cav3-S141R, both increased ICa,L and increased late Na+ current contribute equally to action potential duration prolongation. Overall, the LQT9 Cav3-F97C and Cav3-S141R mutations differentially impact multiple ionic currents, highlighting the complexity of Cav3 regulation of cardiac excitability and suggesting mutation-specific therapeutic approaches. Abstract: Mutations in the CAV3 gene encoding caveolin-3 (Cav3), a scaffolding protein integral to caveolae in cardiomyocytes, have been associated with the congenital long-QT syndrome (LQT9). Initial studies demonstrated that LQT9-associated Cav3 mutations, F97C and S141R, increase late sodium current as a potential mechanism to prolong action potential duration (APD) and cause LQT9. Whether these Cav3 LQT9 mutations impact other caveolae related ion channels remains unknown. We used the whole-cell, patch clamp technique to characterize the effect of Cav3-F97C and Cav3-S141R mutations on heterologously expressed Cav1.2+Cavβ2cN4 channels, as well as Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 channels, in HEK 293 cells. Expression of Cav3-S141R increased ICa,L density without changes in gating properties, whereas expression of Cav3-F97C reduced Ca2+-dependent inactivation of ICa,L without changing current density. The Cav3-F97C mutation reduced current density and altered the kinetics of IKv4.2 and IKv4.3 and also slowed recovery from inactivation. Cav3-S141R decreased current density and also slowed activation kinetics and recovery from inactivation of IKv4.2 but had no effect on IKv4.3. Using the O'Hara–Rudy computational model of the human ventricular myocyte action potential, the Cav3 mutation-induced changes in Ito are predicted to have negligible effect on APD, whereas blunted Ca2+-dependent inactivation of ICa,L by Cav3-F97C is predicted to be primarily responsible for APD prolongation, although increased ICa,L and late INa by Cav3-S141R contribute equally to APD prolongation. Thus, LQT9 Cav3-associated mutations, F97C and S141R, produce mutation-specific changes in multiple ionic currents leading to different primary causes of APD prolongation, which suggests the use of mutation-specific therapeutic approaches in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Physiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Caveolin 3
Action Potentials
Mutation
Caveolae
Long QT syndrome type 3
Muscle Cells

Keywords

  • arrhythmia
  • cardiac electrophysiology
  • cardiac potassium current
  • caveola
  • computer modeling
  • voltage-dependent calcium channel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

Long QT syndrome caveolin-3 mutations differentially modulate Kv4 and Cav1.2 channels to contribute to action potential prolongation. / Tyan, Leonid; Foell, Jason D.; Vincent, Kevin P.; Woon, Marites T.; Mesquitta, Walatta T.; Lang, Di; Best, Jabe M.; Ackerman, Michael John; McCulloch, Andrew D.; Glukhov, Alexey V.; Balijepalli, Ravi C.; Kamp, Timothy J.

In: Journal of Physiology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tyan, L, Foell, JD, Vincent, KP, Woon, MT, Mesquitta, WT, Lang, D, Best, JM, Ackerman, MJ, McCulloch, AD, Glukhov, AV, Balijepalli, RC & Kamp, TJ 2019, 'Long QT syndrome caveolin-3 mutations differentially modulate Kv4 and Cav1.2 channels to contribute to action potential prolongation', Journal of Physiology. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP276014
Tyan, Leonid ; Foell, Jason D. ; Vincent, Kevin P. ; Woon, Marites T. ; Mesquitta, Walatta T. ; Lang, Di ; Best, Jabe M. ; Ackerman, Michael John ; McCulloch, Andrew D. ; Glukhov, Alexey V. ; Balijepalli, Ravi C. ; Kamp, Timothy J. / Long QT syndrome caveolin-3 mutations differentially modulate Kv4 and Cav1.2 channels to contribute to action potential prolongation. In: Journal of Physiology. 2019.
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abstract = "Key points: Mutations in the caveolae scaffolding protein, caveolin-3 (Cav3), have been linked to the long QT type 9 inherited arrhythmia syndrome (LQT9) and the cause of underlying action potential duration prolongation is incompletely understood. In the present study, we show that LQT9 Cav3 mutations, F97C and S141R, cause mutation-specific gain of function effects on Cav1.2-encoded L-type Ca2+ channels responsible for ICa,L and also cause loss of function effects on heterologously expressed Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 channels responsible for Ito. A computational model of the human ventricular myocyte action potential suggests that the major ionic current change causing action potential duration prolongation in the presence of Cav3-F97C is the slowly inactivating ICa,L but, for Cav3-S141R, both increased ICa,L and increased late Na+ current contribute equally to action potential duration prolongation. Overall, the LQT9 Cav3-F97C and Cav3-S141R mutations differentially impact multiple ionic currents, highlighting the complexity of Cav3 regulation of cardiac excitability and suggesting mutation-specific therapeutic approaches. Abstract: Mutations in the CAV3 gene encoding caveolin-3 (Cav3), a scaffolding protein integral to caveolae in cardiomyocytes, have been associated with the congenital long-QT syndrome (LQT9). Initial studies demonstrated that LQT9-associated Cav3 mutations, F97C and S141R, increase late sodium current as a potential mechanism to prolong action potential duration (APD) and cause LQT9. Whether these Cav3 LQT9 mutations impact other caveolae related ion channels remains unknown. We used the whole-cell, patch clamp technique to characterize the effect of Cav3-F97C and Cav3-S141R mutations on heterologously expressed Cav1.2+Cavβ2cN4 channels, as well as Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 channels, in HEK 293 cells. Expression of Cav3-S141R increased ICa,L density without changes in gating properties, whereas expression of Cav3-F97C reduced Ca2+-dependent inactivation of ICa,L without changing current density. The Cav3-F97C mutation reduced current density and altered the kinetics of IKv4.2 and IKv4.3 and also slowed recovery from inactivation. Cav3-S141R decreased current density and also slowed activation kinetics and recovery from inactivation of IKv4.2 but had no effect on IKv4.3. Using the O'Hara–Rudy computational model of the human ventricular myocyte action potential, the Cav3 mutation-induced changes in Ito are predicted to have negligible effect on APD, whereas blunted Ca2+-dependent inactivation of ICa,L by Cav3-F97C is predicted to be primarily responsible for APD prolongation, although increased ICa,L and late INa by Cav3-S141R contribute equally to APD prolongation. Thus, LQT9 Cav3-associated mutations, F97C and S141R, produce mutation-specific changes in multiple ionic currents leading to different primary causes of APD prolongation, which suggests the use of mutation-specific therapeutic approaches in the future.",
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T1 - Long QT syndrome caveolin-3 mutations differentially modulate Kv4 and Cav1.2 channels to contribute to action potential prolongation

AU - Tyan, Leonid

AU - Foell, Jason D.

AU - Vincent, Kevin P.

AU - Woon, Marites T.

AU - Mesquitta, Walatta T.

AU - Lang, Di

AU - Best, Jabe M.

AU - Ackerman, Michael John

AU - McCulloch, Andrew D.

AU - Glukhov, Alexey V.

AU - Balijepalli, Ravi C.

AU - Kamp, Timothy J.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Key points: Mutations in the caveolae scaffolding protein, caveolin-3 (Cav3), have been linked to the long QT type 9 inherited arrhythmia syndrome (LQT9) and the cause of underlying action potential duration prolongation is incompletely understood. In the present study, we show that LQT9 Cav3 mutations, F97C and S141R, cause mutation-specific gain of function effects on Cav1.2-encoded L-type Ca2+ channels responsible for ICa,L and also cause loss of function effects on heterologously expressed Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 channels responsible for Ito. A computational model of the human ventricular myocyte action potential suggests that the major ionic current change causing action potential duration prolongation in the presence of Cav3-F97C is the slowly inactivating ICa,L but, for Cav3-S141R, both increased ICa,L and increased late Na+ current contribute equally to action potential duration prolongation. Overall, the LQT9 Cav3-F97C and Cav3-S141R mutations differentially impact multiple ionic currents, highlighting the complexity of Cav3 regulation of cardiac excitability and suggesting mutation-specific therapeutic approaches. Abstract: Mutations in the CAV3 gene encoding caveolin-3 (Cav3), a scaffolding protein integral to caveolae in cardiomyocytes, have been associated with the congenital long-QT syndrome (LQT9). Initial studies demonstrated that LQT9-associated Cav3 mutations, F97C and S141R, increase late sodium current as a potential mechanism to prolong action potential duration (APD) and cause LQT9. Whether these Cav3 LQT9 mutations impact other caveolae related ion channels remains unknown. We used the whole-cell, patch clamp technique to characterize the effect of Cav3-F97C and Cav3-S141R mutations on heterologously expressed Cav1.2+Cavβ2cN4 channels, as well as Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 channels, in HEK 293 cells. Expression of Cav3-S141R increased ICa,L density without changes in gating properties, whereas expression of Cav3-F97C reduced Ca2+-dependent inactivation of ICa,L without changing current density. The Cav3-F97C mutation reduced current density and altered the kinetics of IKv4.2 and IKv4.3 and also slowed recovery from inactivation. Cav3-S141R decreased current density and also slowed activation kinetics and recovery from inactivation of IKv4.2 but had no effect on IKv4.3. Using the O'Hara–Rudy computational model of the human ventricular myocyte action potential, the Cav3 mutation-induced changes in Ito are predicted to have negligible effect on APD, whereas blunted Ca2+-dependent inactivation of ICa,L by Cav3-F97C is predicted to be primarily responsible for APD prolongation, although increased ICa,L and late INa by Cav3-S141R contribute equally to APD prolongation. Thus, LQT9 Cav3-associated mutations, F97C and S141R, produce mutation-specific changes in multiple ionic currents leading to different primary causes of APD prolongation, which suggests the use of mutation-specific therapeutic approaches in the future.

AB - Key points: Mutations in the caveolae scaffolding protein, caveolin-3 (Cav3), have been linked to the long QT type 9 inherited arrhythmia syndrome (LQT9) and the cause of underlying action potential duration prolongation is incompletely understood. In the present study, we show that LQT9 Cav3 mutations, F97C and S141R, cause mutation-specific gain of function effects on Cav1.2-encoded L-type Ca2+ channels responsible for ICa,L and also cause loss of function effects on heterologously expressed Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 channels responsible for Ito. A computational model of the human ventricular myocyte action potential suggests that the major ionic current change causing action potential duration prolongation in the presence of Cav3-F97C is the slowly inactivating ICa,L but, for Cav3-S141R, both increased ICa,L and increased late Na+ current contribute equally to action potential duration prolongation. Overall, the LQT9 Cav3-F97C and Cav3-S141R mutations differentially impact multiple ionic currents, highlighting the complexity of Cav3 regulation of cardiac excitability and suggesting mutation-specific therapeutic approaches. Abstract: Mutations in the CAV3 gene encoding caveolin-3 (Cav3), a scaffolding protein integral to caveolae in cardiomyocytes, have been associated with the congenital long-QT syndrome (LQT9). Initial studies demonstrated that LQT9-associated Cav3 mutations, F97C and S141R, increase late sodium current as a potential mechanism to prolong action potential duration (APD) and cause LQT9. Whether these Cav3 LQT9 mutations impact other caveolae related ion channels remains unknown. We used the whole-cell, patch clamp technique to characterize the effect of Cav3-F97C and Cav3-S141R mutations on heterologously expressed Cav1.2+Cavβ2cN4 channels, as well as Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 channels, in HEK 293 cells. Expression of Cav3-S141R increased ICa,L density without changes in gating properties, whereas expression of Cav3-F97C reduced Ca2+-dependent inactivation of ICa,L without changing current density. The Cav3-F97C mutation reduced current density and altered the kinetics of IKv4.2 and IKv4.3 and also slowed recovery from inactivation. Cav3-S141R decreased current density and also slowed activation kinetics and recovery from inactivation of IKv4.2 but had no effect on IKv4.3. Using the O'Hara–Rudy computational model of the human ventricular myocyte action potential, the Cav3 mutation-induced changes in Ito are predicted to have negligible effect on APD, whereas blunted Ca2+-dependent inactivation of ICa,L by Cav3-F97C is predicted to be primarily responsible for APD prolongation, although increased ICa,L and late INa by Cav3-S141R contribute equally to APD prolongation. Thus, LQT9 Cav3-associated mutations, F97C and S141R, produce mutation-specific changes in multiple ionic currents leading to different primary causes of APD prolongation, which suggests the use of mutation-specific therapeutic approaches in the future.

KW - arrhythmia

KW - cardiac electrophysiology

KW - cardiac potassium current

KW - caveola

KW - computer modeling

KW - voltage-dependent calcium channel

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