Location of coronary culprit lesions at autopsy in 41 nondiabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction

Jeffrey B. Geske, William D. Edwards, Ryan J. MacDonald, David R. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction (MI) are major causes of patient morbidity, hospital mortality, and out-of-hospital sudden death. The precise location of culprit lesions in acute MI at autopsy has not been reported. Objective: The purpose of this retrospective histopathologic autopsy study was to determine the distribution of coronary culprit lesions in acute fatal MI. Methods: Cross-sections of epicardial coronary arteries were evaluated microscopically. For each culprit lesion, its distance from the coronary ostium and its grade of luminal stenosis were recorded. Results: The study group included 41 nondiabetic patients (mean age of 65 years, 66% males) who underwent autopsy at Mayo Clinic Rochester (1994-2005). Culprit lesions occurred within the proximal 3.0 cm of the left anterior descending artery in 86% and the left circumflex artery in 100%. In contrast, culprit plaques within the right coronary artery (RCA) were distributed evenly throughout its length. Conclusions: Among nondiabetic patients with acute fatal MI, culprit lesions exhibited proximal clustering in the left anterior descending artery and left circumflex artery, in contrast to more uniform distribution in the RCA. Thus, for the autopsy investigation of sudden death, evaluation for culprit lesions in the entire length of the RCA, not just its proximal region, is recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-217
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • culprit lesion
  • myocardial infarction
  • sudden death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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