Localization of latent transforming growth factor-β binding protein-1 in human coronary atherosclerotic plaques

Rahmi Öklü, Robin Hesketh, Stephan Wicky, James C. Metcalfe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) and its receptors have been detected by immunohisto-chemistry in the normal vessel wall and in atherosclerotic lesions of human coronary arteries. However, TGF/S is normally secreted as an inactive complex associated with a latent TGFβ-binding protein (LTBP). Therefore, detection of TGFβ antigen only in the arterial wall does not imply the activated form of the growth factor. Methods and Results: In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry demonstrated LTBP1 mRNA and protein expression throughout the media and intima of early coronary artery lesions, with the highest levels of protein at the luminal surface. In advanced lesions, LTBP1 mRNA and protein were detected mainly in regions of high cell density, such as the fibrous cap. Conclusions: Assays of the TGFβ signalling pathway will be required to determine the activity associated with TGFβ antigen in the vessel wall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-200
Number of pages5
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2011

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Genes
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Molecular biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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