Background: Mortality from sepsis frequently results from multiple organ injury and dysfunction. Cecal ligation and puncture is an established murine model of septic peritonitis that produces septic shock characterized by an initial hyperinflammatory response. In addition to their anesthetic properties, local anesthetics have been shown to attenuate inflammatory responses both in vivo and in vitro. In the current study, the ability of local anesthetic infusions to protect against sepsis-induced mortality, as well as renal and hepatic dysfunction after cecal ligation and puncture, was investigated. Methods: C57BL/6 mice received mini-osmotic pumps containing saline (vehicle), 10% lidocaine, or 1% bupivacaine and were subjected to cecal ligation and puncture. Twenty-four hours after cecal ligation and puncture, renal and hepatic functions were assessed as well as markers of inflammation (proinflammatory cytokine protein and mRNA concentrations and myeloperoxidase activity). Renal apoptosis and 7-day survival was also assessed. Results: Mice treated with lidocaine or bupivacaine infusion showed improved survival and had significantly lower plasma creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine amino-transferase concentrations compared with mice receiving vehicle alone. Significant reduction in plasma tumor necrosis factor-α and keratinocyte-derived chemokine, as well as reductions in myeloperoxidase activity, intracellular adhesion molecule-1 protein expression, mRNA concentrations of proinflammatory markers, and apoptosis were observed in renal cortices from both local anesthetic groups. Conclusions: The current data demonstrate that local anesthetic infusions confer a protective effect in mice from septic peritonitis by attenuating the hyperacute inflammatory response. This suppression resulted in improved mortality and less progression to acute kidney and liver injury and dysfunction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine